wikiamp

Wire (band)

Wire are an English rock band, formed in London in October 1976 by Colin Newman (vocals, guitar), Graham Lewis (bass, vocals), Bruce Gilbert (guitar) and Robert Gotobed (drums). They were originally associated with the punk rock scene, appearing on The Roxy London WC2 album, and were later central to the development of post-punk, while their debut album Pink Flag was influential for hardcore punk.

Wire are considered a definitive art punk and post-punk band, due to their richly detailed and atmospheric sound and obscure lyrical themes. They exhibited a steady development from an early noise rock style to a more complex, structured sound involving increased use of guitar effects and synthesizers (1978's Chairs Missing and 1979's 154). The band gained a reputation for experimenting with song arrangements throughout its career.

History

Wire's debut album Pink Flag (1977) – "perhaps the most original debut album to come out of the first wave of British punk", according to AllMusic – contains songs that are diverse in mood and style, but most use a minimalist punk approach combined with unorthodox structures. "Field Day for the Sundays", for example, is only 28 seconds long.Their second album, Chairs Missing (1978) marked a retreat from the stark minimalism of Pink Flag, with longer, more atmospheric songs and synthesizer parts added by producer Mike Thorne. "Outdoor Miner" was a minor hit, peaking at number 51 in the UK singles chart. The experimentation was even more prominent on 154 (1979).

Creative differences split the band in 1979, leading to the Document and Eyewitness LP (1981), a recording of a live performance that featured, almost exclusively, new material, which was described as "disjointed", "unrecognizable as rock music" and "almost unlistenable". The LP came packaged with an EP of a different performance of more new material. Some of these songs, along with others performed but not included on the album, were included on Newman's post-Wire solo albums (5/10, We Meet Under Tables), while others were released by Gilbert's and Lewis' primary post-Wire outlet Dome (And Then..., Ritual View).

Between 1981 and 1985, Wire ceased recording and performing in favour of solo and collaborative projects such as Dome, Cupol, Duet Emmo and several Colin Newman solo efforts. In 1985, the group re-formed as a "beat combo" (a joking reference to early 1960s beat music), with greater use of electronic musical instruments. Wire announced that they would perform none of their older material, hiring The Ex-Lion Tamers (a Wire cover band named after a song title from Pink Flag) as their opening act. The Ex-Lion Tamers played Wire's older songs, and Wire played their new material. Wire released IBTABA in 1989, a "live" album of mostly reworked versions of songs from The Ideal Copy and A Bell Is a Cup, heavily rearranged, edited, and remixed. A new song from the album, "Eardrum Buzz", was released as a single and peaked at number 68 in the UK singles chart.

Gotobed left the band in 1990, after the release of the album Manscape. After his departure, the band dropped one letter from its name, becoming "Wir" (still pronounced "wire"), and released The First Letter in 1991. There followed a further period of solo recordings, during which Newman founded the swim ~ label, and later Githead with his wife (ex-Minimal Compact bassist Malka Spigel), while Wire remained an occasional collaboration. It was not until 1999 that Wire again became a full-time entity.

With Gotobed back in the line-up (now using his birth name, Robert Grey), the group initially reworked much of their back catalogue for a performance at Royal Festival Hall in 2000. Wire's reception during a short tour in early May of the US, and a number of UK gigs, convinced the band to continue. Two EPs and an album, Send (2003), followed, as well as collaborations with stage designer Es Devlin and artists Jake and Dinos Chapman. In 2006, Wire's 1970s albums were remastered and re-released with the original vinyl track listings. A third Read & Burn EP was released in November 2007.

A full-length album of new material entitled Object 47 was released in July 2008. Bruce Gilbert was not involved in this recording, although, according to Newman, he did feature in a minimal capacity on the third Read and Burn EP.

In January 2011 the band released Red Barked Tree, which, according to a press release and the BBC "rekindles a lyricism sometimes absent from Wire's previous work and reconnects with the live energy of performance, harnessed and channelled from extensive touring over the past few years". The album was written and recorded by Newman, Lewis and Grey, but speaking to Marc Riley on the day of the release, Newman introduced as "a new boy" guitarist Matt Simms (from It Hugs Back), who had been a touring member with the band since April 2010.

In March 2013 the band released Change Becomes Us, their 13th studio album, which was very well received. Their fourteenth album, eponymously titled Wire, was released in April 2015. The following year, in April 2016, the band's 15th studio album, entitled Nocturnal Koreans, was released on their label Pinkflag. It consisted of eight songs recorded during the sessions for their previous album, but were cut from the track listing. Stereogum named Nocturnal Koreans the Album of the Week. Reviews for the album were mostly positive.. In 2017 Wire celebrated 40 years since their debut gig on 1 April 1977 by releasing their 16th studio album Silver/Lead and headlining the Los Angeles edition of their DRILL : FESTIVAL.

In late October 2019, the band announced that they would be releasing an album entitled Mind Hive on 24 January 2020. It will be released on their own Pinkflag label. The band appeared on the front cover of Wire magazine (issue 432) published in January 2020; it featured an interview with the band about the new album and discussed the enduring nature of the group.

In March 2020, the band announced an eight song album entitled 10:20 that would be released on Record Store Day. The album consists of tracks recorded for Red Barked Tree and Mind Hive but remained unreleased.

Influence

Wire's influence has outshone their comparatively modest record sales. In the 1980s and 1990s, Big Black, Minutemen, and Sonic Youth all expressed a fondness for the group. Minutemen bassist Mike Watt described their influence as key saying of Pink Flag "I don’t know what we would have sounded like if we didn’t hear it."Wire were influential on American hardcore punk. Fans included Ian MacKaye of Minor Threat and Henry Rollins, formerly of Black Flag. Minor Threat covered "12XU" for the Flex Your Head compilation, as did Boss Hog on their I Dig You EP. Rollins, as Henrietta Collins & The Wife-Beating Childhaters, covered "Ex Lion Tamer" on the EP Drive by Shooting. Michael Azerrad reported, in the book Our Band Could Be Your Life, that at Minor Threat's second gig, each of the seven bands on the roster performed a version of a Wire song. Big Black covered Wire's "Heartbeat" twice, once as a studio version that was released as a single (also included on The Rich Man's Eight Track Tape compilation) and also as a live version, featuring Bruce Gilbert and Graham Lewis, included on the VHS version of the live album Pigpile.

R.E.M. covered "Strange" on their album Document. Robert Smith has described how, after seeing the group live, Wire influenced The Cure's sound after their first album. The shoegaze band Lush covered "Outdoor Miner" in the 90s.

A plagiarism case between Wire's music publisher and Elastica over the similarity between Wire's 1977 song "Three Girl Rhumba" and Elastica's 1995 hit "Connection" resulted in an out-of-court settlement.

Guided By Voices' Robert Pollard claimed that Wire was his favourite band, and that the existence of a large number of songs on GBV's albums is a direct Wire influence. One of My Bloody Valentine's last releases prior to reconvening in 2007 was a cover of "Map Ref 41°N 93°W" for a Wire tribute entitled Whore. The song was selected as a favourite cover by Flak Magazine.

Fischerspooner (who covered "The 15th" on their album #1), Britpop bands like Elastica and Menswe@r and post-punk revival bands like Bloc Party, Futureheads, Blacklist and Franz Ferdinand have cited Wire as an influence. The Smiths' Johnny Marr has confirmed that he is a fan of the band and has acknowledged that seeing Wire live helped give him the confidence to release his first solo album in 2013.

The British electronic band Ladytron included Wire's "The 15th" on the mix compilation Softcore Jukebox. Ladytron member Reuben Wu claimed Wire as a musical influence.

The Feelies, since their 2008 reunion, have covered the "Outdoor Miner".

The slowcore band Low included an early, previously unreleased cover of "Heartbeat" on their career-spanning box set in 2007. Ampere recorded a cover of "Mr. Suit" for their 2006 split with Das Oath. New Bomb Turks also recorded a cover of "Mr. Suit" on the 1993 album !!Destroy-Oh-Boy!!. The chorus of Ministry's "Thieves" was influenced by "Mr. Suit" as well. Helmet guitarist Page Hamilton cites Wire as one of his "top five bands" and as an influence on his music.


Discography

; Studio albums
  • Pink Flag (1977)
  • Chairs Missing (1978)
  • 154 (1979)
  • The Ideal Copy (1987)
  • A Bell Is a Cup (1988)
  • IBTABA (1989)
  • Manscape (1990)
  • The Drill (1991)
  • The First Letter (1991)
  • Send (2003)
  • Object 47 (2008)
  • Red Barked Tree (2010)
  • Change Becomes Us (2013)
  • Wire (2015)
  • Nocturnal Koreans (2016)
  • Silver/Lead (2017)
  • Mind Hive (2020)

    Band members



  • Robert Grey – drums (1976–1980, 1985–1990, 1999–present)
  • Graham Lewis – bass guitar, vocals (1976–1980, 1985–1992, 1999–present)
  • Colin Newman – vocals, guitar (1976–1980, 1985–1992, 1999–present)
  • Matthew Simms – guitar (2010–present)

    Former members
  • Bruce Gilbert – guitar (1976–1980, 1985–1992, 1999–2006)
  • Margaret Fiedler McGinnis – guitar (2008–2009 – touring musician)

    Timeline ImageSize = width:800 height:auto barincrement:20 PlotArea = left:130 bottom:80 top:0 right:10 Alignbars = justify DateFormat = mm/dd/yyyy Period = from:01/01/1976 till:01/24/2020 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal format:yyyy

    Colors = id:vocals value:red legend:Vocals id:guitar value:green legend:Guitar id:bass value:blue legend:Bass id:drums value:orange legend:Drums id:album value:black legend:Studio_release Legend = orientation:vertical position:bottom columns:3

    ScaleMajor = increment:5 start:01/01/1980 ScaleMinor = increment:1 start:01/01/1977

    LineData = layer:back color:album at:10/01/1977 at:08/01/1978 at:09/01/1979 at:04/01/1987 at:05/01/1988 at:05/01/1989 at:05/01/1990 at:04/01/1991 at:10/01/1991 at:05/01/2003 at:07/07/2008 at:12/20/2010 at:03/25/2013 at:04/13/2015 at:04/22/2016 at:03/31/2017 at:01/24/2020BarData = bar:Colin text:"Colin Newman" bar:Bruce text:"Bruce Gilbert" bar:Margaret text:"Margaret Fiedler McGinnis" bar:Matthew text:"Matthew Simms" bar:Graham text:"Graham Lewis" bar:Robert text:"Robert Grey"

    PlotData= width:11 textcolor:black align:left anchor:from shift:(10,-4) bar:Colin from:01/01/1976 till:12/31/1980 color:vocals bar:Graham from:01/01/1976 till:12/31/1980 color:bass bar:Bruce from:01/01/1976 till:12/31/1980 color:guitar bar:Robert from:01/01/1976 till:12/31/1980 color:drums

    bar:Colin from:01/01/1985 till:12/31/1992 color:vocals bar:Graham from:01/01/1985 till:12/31/1992 color:bass bar:Bruce from:01/01/1985 till:12/31/1992 color:guitar bar:Robert from:01/01/1985 till:12/31/1990 color:drums

    bar:Colin from:01/01/1999 till:end color:vocals bar:Graham from:01/01/1999 till:end color:bass bar:Bruce from:01/01/1999 till:12/31/2006 color:guitar bar:Robert from:01/01/1999 till:end color:drums

    bar:Margaret from:01/01/2008 till:12/31/2009 bar:Matthew from:04/01/2010 till:end color:guitar

    width:3 textcolor:black align:left anchor:from shift:(10,-4)

    bar:Colin from:01/01/1976 till:12/31/1980 color:guitar bar:Graham from:01/01/1976 till:12/31/1980 color:vocals

    bar:Colin from:01/01/1985 till:12/31/1992 color:guitar bar:Graham from:01/01/1985 till:12/31/1992 color:vocals

    bar:Colin from:01/01/1999 till:end color:guitar bar:Graham from:01/01/1999 till:end color:vocals