(; ; tavuk şiş
; ) is a traditional marinated chicken shish kebab
of Middle Eastern cuisine
. It is widely eaten in Armenia, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Lebanon, Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Palestine
, Iraq, and Israel. A similar dish in Persian cuisine
is the traditional jujeh kabab
. It is also served in kebab houses
in many cities around the world.
in Syrian-Arabic dialects or şiş
. Some scholars assert that it is itself a Persian loanword from sikh
, others say that it comes from the root "sı" in old Turkish meaning "to cut". It has been adopted in Egyptian Arabic
, Lebanese-Arabic and Syrian-Arabic dialects. Tavuk
() comes from old Turkic takagu
and means chicken.
The dish consists of cubes of chicken that are marinated, then skewered and grilled. Common marinades are based upon yogurt and lemon juice or tomato puree, though there are other variations.
Methods of serving
The dish is eaten either as a sandwich or on a platter with vegetables, sometimes with rice
or French fries
. The Turkish cuisine
version is generally served with rice, yogurt, and skewer-grilled vegetables. The Syrian
and Lebanese version
is usually served with toum
(a garlic paste sauce), hummus
. The sandwich version comes generally in a flatbread
or as a dürüm
, and frequently accompanied by lettuce, tomatoes, and pickled turnips.
In Israeli cuisine
it is served with a sumac
, fried onions, flatbread/pita and grilled hot chili peppers along with tabbouleh
or Israeli salad
and pickles (olives, carrots, bell peppers, cabbage and turnip)