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Peru, Indiana



{{Infobox settlement |official_name = Peru, Indiana |native_name = |settlement_type = City |nickname = Circus Capital of the World |motto = |image_skyline = Peru-indiana-downtown.jpg |imagesize = |image_caption = Peru downtown |image_flag = |image_seal = |image_map = File:Miami County Indiana Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Peru Highlighted 1859328.svg |mapsize = 250x200px |map_caption = Location of Peru in Miami County, Indiana. |image_map1 = |mapsize1 = |map_caption1 = |subdivision_type = Country |subdivision_name = United States |subdivision_type1 = State |subdivision_name1 = Indiana |subdivision_type2 = County |subdivision_name2 = Miami |subdivision_type3 = Townships |subdivision_name3 = Peru, Washington |government_type = |leader_title = Mayor |leader_name = Miles Hewitt (R) |leader_title1 = |leader_name1 = |leader_title2 = |leader_name2 = |leader_title3 = |leader_name3 = |established_title = Founded |established_date = 1834 |established_title2 = |established_date2 = |established_title3 = |established_date3 = |founder = William N. Hood

|unit_pref = Imperial |area_footnotes = |area_magnitude = |area_total_km2 = 13.46 |area_land_km2 = 13.21 |area_water_km2 = 0.24 |area_total_sq_mi = 5.20 |area_land_sq_mi = 5.10 |area_water_sq_mi = 0.09 |area_water_percent = 1.35 |area_urban_sq_mi = |area_metro_sq_mi = |population_footnotes = there were 11,417 people, 4,791 households, and 2,961 families living in the city. The population density was 2234.2 PD/sqmi. There were 5,704 housing units at an average density of 1116.2 /sqmi. The racial makeup of the city was 93.1% White, 2.5% African American, 1.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.

There were 4,791 households of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.2% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.96.

The median age in the city was 39 years. 24.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.1% were from 25 to 44; 27% were from 45 to 64; and 15.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 12,994 people, 5,410 households, and 3,397 families living in the city. The population density was 2,815.5 people per square mile (1,085.9/km²). There were 5,943 housing units at an average density of 1,287.7 per square mile (496.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.71% White, 2.95% African American, 1.52% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, and 1.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.32% of the population.

There were 5,410 households out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.2% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,668, and the median income for a family was $39,440. Males had a median income of $31,631 versus $20,440 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,497. About 9.5% of families and 11.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.0% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The city has a lending library, the Peru Public Library.

Notable people

  • Mary Newbury Adams, suffragist and education advocate
  • Richard Antrim, Medal of Honor recipient
  • Frank Fetter, economist
  • Albert Fredrick Ottomar Germann (1886–1976) and Frank Erhart Emmanuel Germann (1887–1974), physical chemists.
  • Emmett Kelly, circus clown, Ringling Brothers Circus, International Circus Hall of Fame, actor
  • Kyle Macy, former University of Kentucky All-America and former NBA player, former Morehead State University head coach; was raised in Peru and graduated from Peru High School
  • Keith O'Conner Murphy, singer and songwriter, member of the Rockabilly Hall of Fame; was born in Peru at what is now 31 Shields Avenue
  • Ole Olsen, comedian and member of Olsen and Johnson
  • B. J. Penn, briefly served as United States Secretary of the Navy in 2009
  • Cole Porter, songwriter; was born in Peru, and buried at Mt. Hope Cemetery
  • Ralph Richeson, actor best known for his portrayal of Richardson, the eccentric cook on Deadwood
  • G. David Thompson (1899–1965), investment banker, industrialist, and modern art collector
  • Robert Edward Weaver, artist, professor emeritus Herron School of Art, Indiana University Purdue University, Indianapolis
  • Nancy Wilson-Pajic, artist Paris, France. Named Knight of the order of arts and letters by the French ministry of culture.
  • Carol Lou Woodward, pianist