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List of period instruments

In the historically informed performance movement, musicians perform classical music using restored or replicated versions of the instruments for which it was originally written. Often performances by such musicians are said to be "on authentic instruments".

This article consists of a list of such instruments in the European tradition, including both instruments that are now obsolete and early versions of instruments that continued to be used in later classical music.

Renaissance (1400–1600)

Strings

  • Violin
  • Viol
  • Viola
  • Cello
  • Lira da braccio
  • Contrabass
  • Violone
  • Lute
  • Theorbo
  • Archlute
  • Gittern
  • Mandore
  • Harp
  • Cittern
  • Vihuela

    Woodwinds

  • Cornamuse
  • Cromorne
  • Crumhorn
  • Rauschpfeife
  • Recorder
  • Shawm
  • Dulcian

    Brasses

  • Trumpet
  • Cornett
  • Sackbut
  • Serpent
  • Natural Horn
  • Slide trumpet
  • Natural trumpet
  • Horn

    Keyboards

  • Clavichord
  • Harpsichord
  • Regal
  • Virginal
  • Ottavino
  • Organ

    Percussion

  • Drum
  • Timpani
  • Cymbals
  • Bass drum
  • Tabor

    Baroque (1600–1750)

    Strings

  • Violino piccolo
  • Violin
  • Viol
  • Viola da gamba
  • Viola
  • Viola d'amore
  • Viola pomposa
  • Tenor violin
  • Cello
  • Violoncello piccolo
  • Contrabass
  • Colascione
  • Violone
  • Lute
  • Theorbo
  • Archlute
  • Angélique
  • Mandore
  • Mandolin
  • Baroque guitar
  • Harp
  • Hurdy-gurdy

    Woodwind

  • Baroque flute
  • Chalumeau
  • Kortholt(also known as Cortholt, Curtall, Oboe family)
  • Dulcian
  • Baroque oboe
  • Rackett
  • Recorder
  • Oboe d'amore
  • Oboe da caccia
  • Contrabassoon
  • Taille
  • Cor anglais

    Brasses

  • Baroque trumpet,
  • Cornett,
  • Serpent,
  • Natural Horn,
  • Slide trumpet
  • Post horn
  • Natural trumpet
  • Horn
  • Trombone

    Keyboards

  • Clavichord
  • Harpsichord
  • Spinet
  • Organ

    Percussion

  • Drum
  • Timpani
  • Cymbals
  • Bass drum
  • Tabor
  • Snare drum

    Classical (1750–1820)

    Strings

  • Violin
  • Viola
  • Cello
  • Double bass
  • Guitar
  • Mandolin

    Woodwinds

  • Basset clarinet
  • Basset horn
  • Clarinette d'amour
  • Clarinet
  • Chalumeau
  • Classical flute
  • Oboe
  • Bassoon
  • Contrabassoon
  • Cor anglais

    Keyboards

  • Clavichord
  • Harpsichord
  • Spinet
  • Fortepiano
  • Organ

    Brasses

  • Buccin
  • Ophicleide—Serpent replacement, precursor of tuba
  • Natural trumpet
  • Natural horn
  • Trombone
  • Post horn
  • Cornet

    Percussion

  • Drum
  • Timpani
  • Cymbals
  • Bass drum
  • Snare drum