wikiamp

October 31

Events

  • 475Romulus Augustulus is proclaimed Western Roman Emperor.
  • 683 – During the Siege of Mecca, the Kaaba catches fire and is burned down.
  • 802 – Empress Irene is deposed and banished to Lesbos. Conspirators place Nikephoros, the minister of finance, on the Byzantine throne.
  • 932Abbasid caliph al-Muqtadir is killed while fighting against the forces of general Mu'nis al-Muzaffar. Al-Muqtadir's brother al-Qahir is chosen to succeed him.
  • 1517Protestant Reformation: Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg.
  • 1587Leiden University Library opens its doors after its founding in 1575.
  • 1614 – First performance of Ben Jonson's comedy Bartholomew Fair by the Lady Elizabeth's Men company at the Hope Theatre in London.
  • 1822 – Emperor Agustín de Iturbide attempts to dissolve the Congress of the Mexican Empire.
  • 1863 – The New Zealand Wars resume as British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron begin their Invasion of the Waikato.
  • 1864Nevada is admitted as the 36th U.S. state.
  • 1903 – The Purdue Wreck, a railroad train collision in Indianapolis, kills 17 people, including 14 players of the Purdue University football team.
  • 1913 – Dedication of the Lincoln Highway, the first automobile highway across United States.
  • 1913 – The Indianapolis Streetcar Strike and subsequent riot begins.
  • 1917 – World War I: Battle of Beersheba: The "last successful cavalry charge in history".
  • 1918 – World War I: The Aster Revolution terminates the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, and Hungary achieves full sovereignty.
  • 1922Benito Mussolini is made Prime Minister of Italy
  • 1923 – The first of 160 consecutive days of 100° Fahrenheit at Marble Bar, Western Australia.
  • 1924World Savings Day is announced in Milan, Italy by the Members of the Association at the 1st International Savings Bank Congress (World Society of Savings Banks).
  • 1926 – Last issue of the independent Italian newspaper Il Mondo, thereafter suppressed by the Mussolini regime
  • 1938Great Depression: In an effort to restore investor confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public.
  • 1940 – World War II: The Battle of Britain ends: The United Kingdom prevents a possible German invasion.
  • 1941 – After 14 years of work, Mount Rushmore is completed.
  • 1941 – World War II: The destroyer is torpedoed by a German U-boat near Iceland, killing more than 100 U.S. Navy sailors. It is the first U.S. Navy vessel sunk by enemy action in WWII.
  • 1943 – World War II: An F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar-guided interception by a United States Navy or Marine Corps aircraft.
  • 1956Suez Crisis: The United Kingdom and France begin bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal.
  • 1956 – Hungarian Revolution of 1956: A Revolutionary Headquarters is established in Hungary. Following Imre Nagy's announcement of October 30, banned non-Communist political parties are reformed, and the MDP is replaced by the MSZMP. József Mindszenty is released from prison. The Soviet Politburo makes the decision to crush the Revolution.
  • 1961 – In the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin's body is removed from the Lenin's Mausoleum, also known as the Lenin Tomb.
  • 1963 – A propane tank explosion at the Indiana State Fair Coliseum (now the Indiana Farmers Coliseum) in Indianapolis kills 74 people and injures another 400 during an ice skating show.
  • 1968Vietnam War October surprise: Citing progress with the Paris peace talks, US President Lyndon B. Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation of "all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam" effective November 1.
  • 1973Mountjoy Prison helicopter escape. Three Provisional Irish Republican Army members escape from Mountjoy Prison, Dublin aboard a hijacked helicopter that landed in the exercise yard.
  • 1979Western Airlines Flight 2605 crashes on landing in Mexico City, killing 73 people.
  • 1984 – Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated by two Sikh security guards. Riots break out in New Delhi and other cities and around 3,000 Sikhs are killed.
  • 1994American Eagle Flight 4184 crashes near Roselawn, Indiana killing all 68 people on board.
  • 1996TAM Transportes Aéreos Regionais Flight 402 crashes in São Paulo, Brazil, killing 99 people.
  • 1998Iraq disarmament crisis begins: Iraq announces it would no longer cooperate with United Nations weapons inspectors.
  • 1999Yachtsman Jesse Martin returns to Melbourne after 11 months of circumnavigating the world, solo, non-stop and unassisted.
  • 1999 – EgyptAir Flight 990 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean near Nantucket, killing all 217 people on board.
  • 2000Soyuz TM-31 launches, carrying the first resident crew to the International Space Station. The ISS has been crewed continuously since then.
  • 2000 – Singapore Airlines Flight 006 crashes on takeoff from Taipei, killing 83.
  • 2002 – A federal grand jury in Houston, Texas indicts former Enron chief financial officer Andrew Fastow on 78 counts of wire fraud, money laundering, conspiracy and obstruction of justice related to the collapse of his ex-employer.
  • 2003Mahathir bin Mohamad resigns as Prime Minister of Malaysia and is replaced by Deputy Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, marking an end to Mahathir's 22 years in power.
  • 2011 – The global population of humans reaches seven billion. This day is now recognized by the United Nations as the Day of Seven Billion.
  • 2014 – During a test flight, the VSS Enterprise, a Virgin Galactic experimental spaceflight test vehicle, suffers a catastrophic in-flight breakup and crashes in the Mojave Desert, California,
  • 2015Metrojet Flight 9268 is bombed over the northern Sinai Peninsula, killing all 224 people on board.
  • 2017A truck drives into a crowd in Lower Manhattan, New York City, killing eight people.

    Births

  • 1345Ferdinand I, king of Portugal (d. 1383)
  • 1391Edward, King of Portugal (d. 1438)
  • 1424Władysław III, king of Poland (d. 1444)
  • 1445Hedwig, Abbess of Quedlinburg, Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg (d. 1511)
  • 1472Wang Yangming, Chinese Neo-Confucian scholar (d. 1529)
  • 1542Henriette of Cleves, Duchess of Nevers, Countess of Rethel (d. 1601)
  • 1599Denzil Holles, 1st Baron Holles, English politician (d. 1680)
  • 1620John Evelyn, English gardener and author (d. 1706)
  • 1632Johannes Vermeer, Dutch painter (d. 1675)
  • 1636Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria (d. 1679)
  • 1638Meindert Hobbema, Dutch painter (d. 1709)
  • 1686Senesino, Italian singer and actor (d. 1758)
  • 1692Anne Claude de Caylus, French archaeologist and author (d. 1765)
  • 1694Yeongjo of Joseon (d. 1776)
  • 1705Pope Clement XIV (d. 1774)
  • 1711Laura Bassi, Italian physician, physicist, and academic (d. 1778)
  • 1714Hedvig Taube, Swedish courtier (d. 1744)
  • 1724Christopher Anstey, English author and poet (d. 1805)
  • 1729Alonso Núñez de Haro y Peralta, Spanish cleric, Archbishop of Mexico, Viceroy of New Spain (d. 1800)
  • 1737James Lovell, American educator and politician (d. 1789)
  • 1760Katsushika Hokusai, Japanese artist and printmaker (d. 1849)
  • 1795John Keats, English poet (d. 1821)
  • 1815Thomas Chapman, English-Australian politician, 5th Premier of Tasmania (d. 1884)
  • 1815 – Karl Weierstrass, German mathematician and academic (d. 1897)
  • 1825Charles Lavigerie, French-Algerian cardinal and academic (d. 1892)
  • 1831Paolo Mantegazza, Italian neurologist, physiologist, and anthropologist (d. 1910)
  • 1835Adelbert Ames, American general and politician, 27th Governor of Mississippi (d. 1933)
  • 1835 – Krišjānis Barons, Latvian linguist and author (d. 1923)
  • 1835 – Adolf von Baeyer, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1917)
  • 1838Luís I of Portugal (d. 1889)
  • 1847Galileo Ferraris, Italian physicist and engineer (d. 1897)
  • 1848Boston Custer, American soldier (d. 1876)
  • 1849Marie Louise Andrews, American story writer and journalist (d. 1891)
  • 1851Louise of Sweden (d. 1926)
  • 1856Charles Leroux, American balloonist and skydiver (d. 1889)
  • 1858Saint Geevarghese Mar Dionysius of Vattasseril, Indian Orthodox Saint (d. 1934)
  • 1860Juliette Gordon Low, American scout leader, founded the Girl Scouts of the United States of America (d. 1927)
  • 1860 – Andrew Volstead, American politician (d. 1947)
  • 1868John Weir Troy, American journalist, and politician, 5th Governor of the Territory of Alaska (d. 1942)
  • 1875Eugene Meyer, American businessman and publisher (d. 1954)
  • 1875 – Vallabhbhai Patel, Indian lawyer, freedom fighter and politician, 1st Deputy Prime Minister of India (d. 1950)
  • 1876Natalie Clifford Barney, American poet and playwright (d. 1972)
  • 1879Karel Hašler, Czech actor, director, and composer (d. 1941)
  • 1880Julia Peterkin, American author (d. 1961)
  • 1880 – Mikhail Tomsky, Soviet politician, member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (d. 1936)
  • 1881Toshizō Nishio, Japanese general (d. 1960)
  • 1883Marie Laurencin, French painter and illustrator (d. 1956)
  • 1883 – Anthony Wilding, New Zealand tennis player, cricketer, and soldier (d. 1915)
  • 1887Chiang Kai-shek, Chinese general and politician, 1st President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) (d. 1975)
  • 1887 – Newsy Lalonde, Canadian ice hockey player and lacrosse player (d. 1970)
  • 1888Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet and author (d. 1944)
  • 1892Alexander Alekhine, Russian chess player and author (d. 1946)
  • 1895Les Darcy, Australian boxer (d. 1917)
  • 1895 – B. H. Liddell Hart, English soldier, historian, and theorist (d. 1970)
  • 1896Ethel Waters, American singer and actress (d. 1977)
  • 1897Constance Savery, English author (d. 1999)
  • 1900Asbjørg Borgfelt, Norwegian sculptor (d. 1976)
  • 1902Carlos Drummond de Andrade, Brazilian poet (d. 1987)
  • 1902 – Julia Lee, American blues singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1958)
  • 1902 – Abraham Wald, Romanian mathematician and economist (d. 1950)
  • 1907Edgar Sampson, American musician and composer (d. 1973)
  • 1908Muriel Duckworth, Canadian activist (d. 2009)
  • 1912Dale Evans, American singer-songwriter and actress (d. 2001)
  • 1912 – Ollie Johnston, American animator and voice actor (d. 2008)
  • 1914John Hugenholtz, Dutch engineer and designer (d. 1995)
  • 1915Jane Jarvis, American pianist and composer (d. 2010)
  • 1916Count Carl Johan Bernadotte of Wisborg (d. 2012)
  • 1917William H. McNeill, Canadian-American historian and author (d. 2016)
  • 1917 – Gordon Steege, Australian soldier and pilot (d. 2013)
  • 1918Ian Stevenson, American psychiatrist and academic (d. 2007)
  • 1919Daphne Oxenford, English actress (d. 2012)
  • 1919 – Magnus Wenninger, American mathematician and author (d. 2017)
  • 1920Dick Francis, Welsh-Caymanian jockey and author (d. 2010)
  • 1920 – Joseph Gelineau, French priest and composer (d. 2008)
  • 1920 – Helmut Newton, German-Australian photographer (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Fritz Walter, German footballer (d. 2002)
  • 1922Barbara Bel Geddes, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Illinois Jacquet, American saxophonist and composer (d. 2004)
  • 1922 – Norodom Sihanouk, Cambodian politician, 1st Prime Minister of Cambodia (d. 2012)
  • 1925Lawrence A. Cremin, American historian and author (d. 1990)
  • 1925 – John Pople, English-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Robert B. Rheault, American colonel (d. 2013)
  • 1926Jimmy Savile, English radio and television host (d. 2011)
  • 1928Andrew Sarris, American critic and educator (d. 2012)
  • 1929William Orchard, Australian water polo player and psychiatrist (d. 2014)
  • 1929 – Bud Spencer, Italian swimmer, actor, and screenwriter (d. 2016)
  • 1930Michael Collins, American general, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1930 – Booker Ervin, American saxophonist (d. 1970)
  • 1931Dan Rather, American journalist
  • 1933Phil Goyette, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1933 – Iemasa Kayumi, Japanese voice actor (d. 2014)
  • 1935Dale Brown, American basketball player and coach
  • 1935 – Ronald Graham, American mathematician and theorist
  • 1935 – David Harvey, English-American geographer and academic
  • 1936Michael Landon, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1991)
  • 1937Tom Paxton, American folk music singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1939Tom O'Connor, English actor and game show host
  • 1939 – Ron Rifkin, American actor
  • 1939 – Ali Farka Touré, Malian singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2006)
  • 1940Craig Rodwell, American businessman and activist, founded the Oscar Wilde Bookshop (d. 1993)
  • 1940 – Judith Wilcox, Baroness Wilcox, English businesswoman and politician
  • 1941Dan Alderson, American scientist and academic (d. 1989)
  • 1941 – Derek Bell, English race car driver
  • 1941 – Sally Kirkland, American actress
  • 1941 – Werner Krieglstein, Czech-American philosopher and academic
  • 1942David Ogden Stiers, American actor (d. 2018)
  • 1943Elliott Forbes-Robinson, American race car driver
  • 1943 – Paul Frampton, English-American physicist and academic
  • 1943 – Aristotelis Pavlidis, Greek politician, 13th Greek Minister for the Aegean and Island Policy
  • 1943 – Brian Piccolo, American football player (d. 1970)
  • 1945Russ Ballard, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1945 – Brian Doyle-Murray, American actor and comedian
  • 1945 – Barrie Keeffe, English playwright, screenwriter, and producer (d. 2019)
  • 1946Stephen Rea, Irish actor
  • 1947Deidre Hall, American actress
  • 1947 – Frank Shorter, American runner and sportscaster
  • 1947 – Herman Van Rompuy, Belgian academic and politician, 66th Prime Minister of Belgium
  • 1948Michael Kitchen, English actor and producer
  • 1948 – Franco Gasparri, Italian actor (d. 1999)
  • 1949Mart Helme, Estonian journalist and diplomat
  • 1949 – Bob Siebenberg, American drummer (Supertramp)
  • 1949 – Alison Wolf, English economist and academic
  • 1950John Candy, Canadian actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1994)
  • 1950 – Zaha Hadid, Iraqi-English architect and academic, designed the Bridge Pavilion (d. 2016)
  • 1950 – Jane Pauley, American journalist
  • 1950 – Antonio Taguba, Filipino-American general
  • 1951Nick Saban, American football player and coach
  • 1951 – Dave Trembley, American baseball player, coach, and manager
  • 1952Bernard Edwards, American bass player, songwriter, and producer (d. 1996)
  • 1952 – Joe West, American baseball umpire and actor
  • 1953John Lucas II, American basketball player and coach
  • 1954Mari Okamoto, Japanese actress
  • 1954 – Ken Wahl, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1955Michalis Chrisochoidis, Greek lawyer and politician, Greek Minister of Public Order
  • 1955 – Susan Orlean, American journalist and author
  • 1956Bruce Bawer, American poet and critic
  • 1956 – Christopher de Leon, Filipino actor, director, producer, and politician
  • 1956 – Anders Lago, Swedish lawyer and politician
  • 1956 – Charles Moore, English journalist and author
  • 1957Brian Stokes Mitchell, American singer and actor
  • 1957 – Robert Pollard, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1959Mats Näslund, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1959 – Neal Stephenson, American author
  • 1960Arnaud Desplechin, French director, cinematographer, and screenwriter
  • 1960 – Luis Fortuño, Puerto Rican lawyer and politician, 9th Governor of Puerto Rico
  • 1960 – Mike Gallego, American baseball player and coach
  • 1960 – Reza Pahlavi, Crown Prince of Iran
  • 1961Alonzo Babers, American runner and pilot
  • 1961 – Kate Campbell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1961 – Peter Jackson, New Zealand actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1961 – Larry Mullen, Jr., Irish musician, songwriter, and actor
  • 1962Jonathan Borden, American neurosurgeon and academic
  • 1962 – Anna Geifman, American historian, author, and academic
  • 1962 – John Giannini, American basketball player and coach
  • 1962 – Mari Jungstedt, Swedish journalist and author
  • 1962 – Raphael Rabello, Brazilian guitarist and composer (d. 1995)
  • 1962 – Dan Wood, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1963Mikkey Dee, Swedish hard rock drummer and musician
  • 1963 – Johnny Marr, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1963 – Dermot Mulroney, American actor
  • 1963 – Rob Schneider, American actor and comedian
  • 1963 – Dunga, Brazilian footballer and manager
  • 1964Frank Bruni, American journalist and critic
  • 1964 – Colm Ó Cíosóig, Irish musician (My Bloody Valentine)
  • 1964 – Marco van Basten, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1964 – Darryl Worley, American country music singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1965Paul du Toit, South African painter and sculptor (d. 2014)
  • 1965 – Blue Edwards, American basketball player
  • 1965 – Ruud Hesp, Dutch footballer
  • 1965 – Denis Irwin, Irish footballer and journalist
  • 1965 – Rob Rackstraw, English voice actor
  • 1966Ad-Rock, American rapper, producer, and actor
  • 1966 – Koji Kanemoto, Japanese wrestler
  • 1966 – Annabella Lwin, Anglo-Burmese singer-songwriter (Bow Wow Wow) and record producer
  • 1966 – Mike O'Malley, American actor and comedian
  • 1967Vanilla Ice, American rapper, television personality, and real estate investor
  • 1967 – Buddy Lazier, American race car driver
  • 1967 – Adam Schlesinger, American bass player, songwriter, and producer (d. 2020)
  • 1968Antonio Davis, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1970Linn Berggren, Swedish singer-songwriter (Ace of Base)
  • 1971Alphonso Ford, American basketball player (d. 2004)
  • 1971 – Irina Pantaeva, Russian model and actress
  • 1971 – Tom Smith, English-Scottish rugby player and coach
  • 1971 – Phil Tataurangi, New Zealand golfer
  • 1971 – Ian Walker, English footballer and manager
  • 1972Shaun Bartlett, South African footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Matt Dawson, English rugby player
  • 1972 – Grigoris Georgatos, Greek footballer
  • 1973Paul Abrahams, English footballer and coach
  • 1973 – Christopher Bevins, American voice actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1973 – Tim Byrdak, American baseball player
  • 1973 – David Dellucci, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1973 – Beverly Lynne, American actress
  • 1974Muzzy Izzet, English-Turkish footballer
  • 1974 – Roger Manganelli, Brazilian-American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1975Fabio Celestini, Swiss footballer and manager
  • 1975 – Keith Jardine, American mixed martial artist and actor
  • 1975 – Johnny Whitworth, American actor and producer
  • 1976Guti, Spanish footballer
  • 1976 – Piper Perabo, American actress and producer
  • 1978Inka Grings, German footballer and manager
  • 1978 – Emmanuel Izonritei, Nigerian boxer
  • 1978 – Marek Saganowski, Polish footballer
  • 1978 – Martin Verkerk, Dutch tennis player
  • 1979Ricardo Fuller, Jamaican footballer
  • 1979 – Simão Sabrosa, Portuguese footballer
  • 1980Samaire Armstrong, American model, actress, and fashion designer
  • 1980 – Alondra de la Parra, Mexican-American pianist and conductor
  • 1980 – Marcel Meeuwis, Dutch footballer
  • 1980 – Eddie Kaye Thomas, American actor and voice artist
  • 1981Irina Denezhkina, Russian author
  • 1981 – Steven Hunter, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Frank Iero, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1981 – Selina Jen, Taiwanese singer and actress
  • 1981 – Mike Napoli, American baseball player
  • 1982Jordan Bannister, Australian footballer and umpire
  • 1982 – Tomáš Plekanec, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Justin Chatwin, Canadian actor
  • 1983Adam Bouska, American photographer and activist, founded the NOH8 Campaign
  • 1984Pat Murray, American football player
  • 1984 – Amanda Pascoe, Australian swimmer
  • 1985Fanny Chmelar, German alpine skier
  • 1985 – Kerron Clement, American hurdler and sprinter
  • 1986Chris Alajajian, Australian race car driver
  • 1986 – Christie Hayes, Australian actress and producer
  • 1987Nick Foligno, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1987 – Jean-Karl Vernay, French race car driver
  • 1988Cole Aldrich, American basketball player
  • 1988 – Sébastien Buemi, Swiss race car driver
  • 1988 – Jack Riewoldt, Australian footballer
  • 1988 – Lizzy Yarnold, British skeleton racer
  • 1989Josh Hodgson, English rugby league player
  • 1989 – Warren Weir, Jamaican sprinter
  • 1990JID, American rapper
  • 1993Nadine Lustre, Filipino actress and singer
  • 1993 – Mercedes Arn-Horn, Canadian musician (Courage My Love)
  • 1995Joana Valle Costa, Portuguese tennis player
  • 1997Marcus Rashford, English footballer
  • 1999Léa Serna, French figure skater
  • 2000Willow Smith, American singer, actress, and dancer
  • 2005Leonor, Princess of Asturias

    Deaths

  • 932Al-Muqtadir, Abbasid caliph (b. 895)
  • 994Wolfgang of Regensburg, German bishop and saint (b. 934)
  • 1005Abe no Seimei, Japanese astrologer (b. 921)
  • 1034Deokjong, Korean ruler (b. 1016)
  • 1147Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester, son of Henry I of England (b. 1100)
  • 1214Eleanor of England, queen consort of Castile (b. 1163)
  • 1320Ricold of Monte Croce, Italian Dominican missionary (b. 1242)
  • 1335Marie of Évreux, Duchess Consort of Brabant (b. 1303)
  • 1448John VIII Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor (b. 1390)
  • 1517Fra Bartolomeo, Italian artist (b. 1472)
  • 1641Cornelis Jol, Dutch admiral (b. 1597)
  • 1659John Bradshaw, English lawyer and judge, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (b. 1602)
  • 1661Köprülü Mehmed Pasha, Ottoman politician, 109th Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1575)
  • 1723Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1642)
  • 1732Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy (b. 1666)
  • 1733Eberhard Louis, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1676)
  • 1744Leonardo Leo, Italian composer (b. 1694)
  • 1768Francesco Maria Veracini, Italian violinist and composer (b. 1690)
  • 1806Kitagawa Utamaro, Japanese artist and printmaker (b. ca. 1753)
  • 1860Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, Scottish-English admiral and politician (b. 1775)
  • 1869Charles A. Wickliffe, American politician, 14th Governor of Kentucky (b. 1788)
  • 1879Jacob Abbott, American author and academic (b. 1803)
  • 1879 – Joseph Hooker, American general (b. 1814)
  • 1884Marie Bashkirtseff, Ukrainian-Russian painter and sculptor (b. 1858)
  • 1905Bryan O'Loghlen, Irish-Australian politician, 13th Premier of Victoria (b. 1828)
  • 1913William Evans-Gordon, English soldier and politician (b. 1857)
  • 1916Charles Taze Russell, American minister (b. 1852)
  • 1916 – Huang Xing, Chinese revolutionary leader and statesman (b. 1874)
  • 1918Egon Schiele, Austrian painter (b. 1890)
  • 1920Alphonse Desjardins, Canadian businessman (b. 1854)
  • 1925Max Linder, French actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1883)
  • 1925 – Mikhail Frunze, Bolshevik leader during and just prior to the Russian Revolution of 1917 (b. 1885)
  • 1926Harry Houdini, American magician and stuntman (b. 1874)
  • 1929António José de Almeida, Portuguese physician and politician, 6th President of Portugal (b. 1866)
  • 1929 – Norman Pritchard, Indian-English hurdler and actor (b. 1877)
  • 1931Octave Uzanne, French journalist and author (b. 1851)
  • 1939Otto Rank, Austrian psychologist, author, and educator (b. 1884)
  • 1952Chit Hlaing, Burmese lawyer and politician (b. 1879)
  • 1959Jean Cabannes, French physicist and academic (b. 1885)
  • 1960H. L. Davis, American author and poet (b. 1894)
  • 1962Gabrielle Renaudot Flammarion, French astronomer (b. 1877)
  • 1963Mesut Cemil, Turkish cellist and composer (b. 1902)
  • 1972Bill Durnan, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1916)
  • 1973Malek Bennabi, Algerian philosopher and author (b. 1905)
  • 1975Sachin Dev Burman, Indian composer and singer (b. 1906)
  • 1977C. B. Colby, American author and illustrator (b. 1904)
  • 1980Jan Werich, Czech actor and playwright (b. 1905)
  • 1983George Halas, American football player and coach (b. 1895)
  • 1983 – Lu Jiaxi, Chinese self-taught mathematician (b. 1935)
  • 1983 – Sharof Rashidov, Uzbek politician, CPSU Politburo candidate member (b. 1917)
  • 1984Eduardo De Filippo, Italian actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1900)
  • 1984 – Indira Gandhi, Indian politician, 3rd Prime Minister of India (b. 1917)
  • 1985Nikos Engonopoulos, Greek painter and poet (b. 1907)
  • 1985 – Poul Reichhardt, Danish actor and singer (b. 1913)
  • 1986Robert S. Mulliken, American physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1896)
  • 1988John Houseman, Romanian-born American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1902)
  • 1988 – Alfred Pellan, Canadian painter and academic (b. 1906)
  • 1991Joseph Papp, American stage director and producer (b. 1921)
  • 1992Gary Rippingale, English ice hockey player (b. 1974)
  • 1993Federico Fellini, Italian director and screenwriter (b. 1920)
  • 1993 – River Phoenix, American actor and singer (b. 1970)
  • 1995Rosalind Cash, American actress and singer (b. 1938)
  • 1996Marcel Carné, French director and screenwriter (b. 1906)
  • 1998Elmer Vasko, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1935)
  • 1998 – María de la Purísima Salvat Romero, Spanish nun and saint (Roman Catholic Church) (b. 1926)
  • 1999Greg Moore, Canadian race car driver (b. 1975)
  • 2000Ring Lardner, Jr., American journalist and screenwriter (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – Kazuki Watanabe, Japanese songwriter and guitarist (b. 1981)
  • 2001Régine Cavagnoud, French skier (b. 1970)
  • 2002Lionel Poilâne, French banker and businessman (b. 1945)
  • 2002 – Michail Stasinopoulos, Greek jurist and politician, President of Greece (b. 1903)
  • 2002 – Raf Vallone, Italian footballer and actor (b. 1916)
  • 2003Richard Neustadt, American political scientist and historian (b. 1919)
  • 2005Hal Anger, American biophysicist and engineer (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Amrita Pritam, Indian author and poet (b. 1919)
  • 2006P. W. Botha, South African soldier and politician, State President of South Africa (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Peter Fryer, English journalist and author (b. 1927)
  • 2007Ray Gravell, Welsh rugby player, sportscaster, and actor (b. 1951)
  • 2007 – Erdal İnönü, Turkish physicist and politician, Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1926)
  • 2008Studs Terkel, American historian and author (b. 1912)
  • 2009Mustafa Mahmud, Egyptian physician and author (b. 1921)
  • 2009 – Tom Wheatcroft, English businessman, founded the Donington Grand Prix Exhibition (b. 1922)
  • 2009 – Qian Xuesen, Chinese aerodynamicist and academic (b. 1911)
  • 2010Ted Sorensen, American lawyer, 8th White House Counsel (b. 1928)
  • 2011Flórián Albert, Hungarian footballer and manager (b. 1941)
  • 2011 – Roberto Lippi, Italian race car driver (d. 1926)
  • 2012Gae Aulenti, Italian architect and designer (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – John Fitch, American race car driver and engineer (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – John H. Reed, American soldier and politician, 67th Governor of Maine (b. 1921)
  • 2013Chris Chase, American actress and author (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Gérard de Villiers, French journalist and author (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Trevor Kletz, English chemist and author (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Johnny Kucks, American baseball player (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Andres Narvasa, Filipino lawyer and jurist, 19th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Bobby Parker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1937)
  • 2014David Manker Abshire, American commander and diplomat, United States Permanent Representative to NATO (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Michael Alsbury, American engineer and pilot (b. 1975)
  • 2014 – Brad Halsey, American baseball player (b. 1981)
  • 2014 – Hitoshi Motoshima, Japanese educator and politician (b. 1922)
  • 2015Gus Savage, American businessman and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2018Willie McCovey, American baseball player (b. 1938)

    Holidays and observances

  • Christian feast day:
  • Alphonsus Rodriguez
  • Ampliatus
  • Begu
  • Erc of Slane (in Cornwall)
  • Foillan (in Namur)
  • Martin Luther (Anglican Communion)
  • Paul Shinji Sasaki and Philip Lindel Tsen (Episcopal Church)
  • Quentin
  • Blessed Theodore Romzha (Ruthenian Catholic Church)
  • Wolfgang of Regensburg
  • October 31 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Día de la Canción Criolla (Peru)
  • Earliest day on which All Saints Day can fall, while November 6 is the latest; celebrated on Saturday between October 31 and November 6 (Finland, Sweden)
  • Hallowe'en and related celebrations:
  • Allantide (Cornwall)
  • Halloween (Ireland, Canada, United Kingdom, United States and other places)
  • Hop-tu-Naa (Isle of Man)
  • Samhain in the Northern Hemisphere, Beltane in the Southern Hemisphere; begins on sunset of October 31 (Gaels, Welsh people and Neopagan Wheel of the Year)
  • The first day of the Day of the Dead, celebrated until November 2 (Mexico)
  • Girl Scouts Founders Day (United States)
  • King Father's Birthday (Cambodia)
  • National Unity Day (India)
  • Reformation Day (Slovenia, parts of Germany, Chile, various Protestant churches with a particular emphasis in Lutheran and Reformed ones)
  • Saci Day (Brazil)