Luch 5A ( meaning ray and sometimes transliterated as Loutch-5A) is a Russian Luch relay satellite which will transmit data from the Russian Orbital Segment of the International Space Station, and from other satellites in low Earth orbit. It will be in geosynchronous orbit.
LuchLuch 5A is one of a planned three Luch relay satellites. Luch 5B was launched on 2 November 2012 and Luch 5V is expected in 2013 or 2014. They are dual purpose satellites with both military and civil uses, and are similar to those in the US Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System.
Luch 5A was built by JSC Information Satellite Systems using the Ekspress-1000A bus. It has 6 S and Ku band channels with repeaters manufactured by Thales Alenia Space and other equipment manufactured by Sumitomo. The Ku band antenna operates at up to 150 Mbit/s and the S band antenna at up to 5 Mbit/s. The satellite also relays COSPAS/SARSAT signals and Planet-S System data.
The satellite is designed to relay data from the ISS, satellites in low earth orbit and rocket launch vehicles.
Luch 5A is located at 167° E.