is a prefecture
located in the Kansai region
. Hyōgo Prefecture has a population of 5,469,762 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 8,400 km²
(3,243 sq mi
). Hyōgo Prefecture borders Kyoto Prefecture
to the east, Osaka Prefecture
to the southeast, and Okayama Prefecture
and Tottori Prefecture
to the west.
is the capital and largest city of Hyōgo Prefecture, and the sixth-largest city
in Japan, with other major cities including Himeji
, and Amagasaki
. Hyōgo Prefecture's mainland stretches from the Sea of Japan
to the Seto Inland Sea
, where Awaji Island
and a small archipelago
of islands belonging to the prefecture are located. Hyōgo Prefecture is a major economic center, transportation hub
, and tourist destination in western Japan, with 20% of the prefecture's land area was designated as Natural Parks
. Hyōgo Prefecture forms part of the Keihanshin
metropolitan area, the second-most-populated urban region in Japan
after the Greater Tokyo area
and one of the world's most productive regions by GDP
Present-day Hyōgo Prefecture includes the former provinces
, and parts of Tanba
In 1180, near the end of the Heian period
, Emperor Antoku
, Taira no Kiyomori
, and the Imperial court moved briefly to Fukuhara, in what is now the city of Kobe. There the capital remained for five months.
, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
, is in the city of Himeji.
Southern Hyōgo Prefecture was severely devastated by the 6.9 Mw Great Hanshin earthquake
of 1995, which destroyed major parts of Kobe and Awaji
, as well as Takarazuka
and neighboring Osaka Prefecture
, killing nearly 6,500 people. In 2020 Hyōgo because one of the worst affected prefectures for the COVID-19
virus in Western Japan.
Hyōgo has coastlines on two seas: to the north, the Sea of Japan
, to the south, the Seto Inland Sea
. On Awaji Island
, Hyōgo borders the Pacific Ocean coastline in the Kii Channel
. The northern portion is sparsely populated, except for the city of Toyooka
, and the central highlands are only populated by tiny villages. Most of Hyōgo's population lives on the southern coast, which is part of the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto
metropolitan area. Awaji is an island that separates the Inland Sea and Osaka Bay
, lying between Honshu and Shikoku
Summertime weather throughout Hyōgo is hot and humid. As for winter conditions in Hyōgo, the north of Hyōgo tends to receive abundant snow, whilst the south receives only the occasional flurry.
Hyōgo borders on Osaka Prefecture
, Kyoto Prefecture
, Tottori Prefecture
and Okayama Prefecture
As of March 31, 2008, 20% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks
, namely the Sanin Kaigan
National Parks; Hyōnosen-Ushiroyama-Nagisan Quasi-National Park
; and Asago Gunzan
, Harima Chūbu Kyūryō
, Inagawa Keikoku
, Seiban Kyūryō
, Tajima Sangaku
, and Taki Renzan
Prefectural Natural Parks.
Twenty-nine cities are located in Hyōgo Prefecture:
Kobe is where the Hyogo Prefectural Government sits.Aioi
These are the towns in each district:Akō District
Two major artificial islands are located Hyōgo Prefecture:
Sanin Kaigan National Park
Setonaikai National Park
Hyōnosen-Ushiroyama-Nagisan Quasi-National Park
File:Hyonosen02s1760.jpg|Hyōnosen-Ushiroyama-Nagisan Quasi-National Park (Mt. Hyonosen view from Yabu)
File:Cercidiphyllum japonicum05s3200.jpg|Hyōnosen-Ushiroyama-Nagisan Quasi-National Park (Torokawataira in Kami)
File:TakenoBeach Hyogo prefecture.jpg|Sanin Kaigan National Park (Takeno Beach in Toyooka)
File:Tajima mihonoura39st3200.jpg|Sanin Kaigan National Park (Tajima-mihonoura of Sanin Coast in Shinonsen)
The city of Akō and the only town in Akō District (Kamigōri), were scheduled to merge and the city would still retain the name Akō. Akō District would be defunct if the merger was successful. However, the merger hasn't taken place.
As in all prefectures nationwide, agriculture, forestry, and fisheries play a big role in the economy of Hyogo Prefecture.
Hyōgo Prefecture also has an IT industry, many heavy industries, metal and medical, Kobe Port being one of the largest ports in Japan. Kobe Port also hosts one of the world's fastest supercomputers, and Hyogo Prefecture passed laws to keep Kobe Port free of nuclear weapons (a nuclear-free zone) since the year 1975.
Hyōgo is a part of the Hanshin Industrial Region. There are two research institutes of Riken, natural sciences research institute in Japan, in Kobe and Harima. "SPring-8", a synchrotron radiation facility, is in Harima.
National Treasures of Japan
Himeji Castle in Himeji (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
Jōdo-ji in Ono
Ichijō-ji in Kasai
Kakurin-ji in Kakogawa
Taisan-ji in Kobe
Chōkō-ji in Katō
Chorakuji in Kami, Hyōgo (Mikata)
File:Jodoji Ono Hyogo01n3200.jpg|Jōdo-ji in Ono
File:Ichijoji Kasai13bs4272.jpg|Ichijo-ji in Kasai
File:Kakogawa Kakurinji12n4592.jpg|Kakurin-ji in Kakogawa
Important Preservation Districts for Groups of Historic Buildings in Japan
File:Choueke house02 1920.jpg|Kitano-chō Yamamoto-dōri
Hyōgo Prefectural Museum of Art in Nada Ward, Kobe.
Kobe City Museum in Chuo Ward, Kobe.
Kobe Maritime Museum in Chuo Ward, Kobe.
KOSETSU Museum of Art in Higashinada Ward, Kobe.
Hakutsuru Fine Art Museum in Higashinada Ward, Kobe.
Himeji City Museum of Art in Himeji.
Asago Art Village in Asago.
Ashiya City Museum of Art & History in Ashiya.
TEKISUI MUSEUM OF ART in Ashiya.
Osamu Tezuka Manga Museum in Takarazuka.
File:Hyogo prefectural museum of art08s3200.jpg|Hyōgo Prefectural Museum of Art in Kobe.
File:Kobe city museum01 1920.jpg|Kobe City Museum in Kobe.
File:Kosetsu Museum：香雪美術館 - panoramio.jpg|KOSETSU Museum of Art in Kobe.
File:Himeji City Museum of Art20bs4480.jpg|Himeji City Museum of Art in Himeji.
File:Asago Art Village08n4272.jpg|Asago Art Village in Asago.
File:Tezuka osamu01 2048.jpg|Osamu Tezuka Manga Museum in Takarazuka.
Sonoda Women's University
St. Thomas University (ex-Eichi University) – closed in 2015
Kwansei Gakuin University (Sanda Campus)
Kwansei Gakuin University
Mukogawa Women's University
Kobe University of Commerce
Kobe Gakuin University
Kobe City University of Foreign Studies
Kobe Women's University
Kobe Shukugawa Gakuin University
Kobe Institute of Computing
University of Marketing and Distribution Sciences
University of Hyogo
Hyogo University of Teacher Education
University of Hyogo
Himeji Institute of Technology
Himeji Dokkyo University
Himeji Kinki University
University of Hyogo
University of Hyogo
There are 163 public and 52 private high schools within Hyogo prefecture. Of the public high schools, some are administered by the Hyogo prefectural government, whilst the others are administered by local municipalities.
The sports teams listed below are based in Hyōgo.
Vissel Kobe (Kobe)
INAC Kobe Leonessa (Women's) (Kobe)
Orix Buffaloes (Kobe)
Hanshin Tigers (Nishinomiya)
Hisamitsu Springs (Kobe)
JT Marvelous (NIshinomiya)
Kobelco Steelers (Kobe)
World Fighting Bull (Kobe)
Hyogo Storks (Kobe)
A popular troupe of Takarazuka Revue plays in Takarazuka.
Arima Onsen in the south of the province in Kita-ku, Kobe is one of the Three Ancient Springs in Japan. The north of Hyogo Prefecture has sightseeing spots such as Kinosaki Onsen, Izushi, and Yumura Onsen. Takeda Castle in Asago is often referred to locally as the "Machu Picchu of Japan". The matsuba crab and Tajima beef are both national delicacies.
File:170811 Rokko-Arima Ropeway Kobe Japan00n.jpg|Arima Onsen, Kobe
File:Night view of Osaka bay.jpg|million-dollar view, Kobe
File:Kobe Mosaic06s4s3200.jpg|Harborland – Meriken Park area in Kobe
File:Westin Awaji Island Hotel 06.jpg|Awaji Yumebutai in Awaji
File:Ichikawa river Ikuno Asago Hyogo01s5bs4272.jpg|Kuchiganaya in Asago
File:Kinosaki onsen02 1920.jpg|Kinosaki Onsen
File:Yumura onsen11s1920.jpg|Yumura Onsen
File:Tonomine highland 01 b.jpg|Tonomine highland in Kamikawa
File:Kounotori 06f4439.jpg|Toyooka Stork Park
File:20130507 takeda castle 10.jpg|Takeda Castle
Festival and eventsMiyuki Street New Year's midnight traditional sale, Himeji
Nishinomiya Shrine's Ebisu Festival in January
Yanagihara Ebisu Festival in January, Kobe
Tada Shrine's Genji Festival in April, Kawanishi
Kobe Festival and Parade in May
Aioi Peron Festival in May
Himeji Yukata Festival in June
Dekansho Bon Dancing Festival in August, Sasayama
Nada Fighting Festival, Himeji
Kobe Luminarie in December
Ako Chushingura Parade
JR Kobe Line
San'yō Main Line
Fukuchiyama Line (JR Takarazuka Line)
Kobe Kosoku Line
Kobe Kosoku Line
Hokushin Kyūkō Electric Railway
Kobe Municipal Subway
Hojo Railway (Ao-Hojo)
Kobe Kosoku Line
Hanshin Nanba Line
Kitakinki Tango Railway
Kobe New Transit
Second Shinmei road
Route 174 (Sannomiya-Kobe Port)
Kobe Port – Mainly international container hub port
Shikama Port – Mainly Shōdo Island route ferry
Konotori Tajima Airport
Notable peopleUme Aoki, manga artist
Mana Ashida, child actress from Nishinomiya
Koichi Domoto, singer of KinKi Kids
Heath, musician, singer-songwriter and bassist of X Japan is from Amagasaki
Hiro Fujiwara, manga artist
Miracle Hikaru, comedian and impersonator is from Toyooka
Kanō Jigorō, founder of the martial art Judo
Jun, musician, singer-songwriter and guitarist of Phantasmagoria is from Kobe
Shinji Kagawa, footballer from Kobe
Tomoya Kanki, drummer of One Ok Rock
Tomomi Ogawa, bassist of Scandal
Itzuki Yamazaki, professional wrestler from Ieshima
Kaoru, guitarist of Dir En Grey
Ayaka Kimura, actress, former singer of Coconuts Musume is from Kobe
Keiko Kitagawa, actress from Pretty Guardian Sailor Moon and Buzzer Beat was born in Kobe
Miho Komatsu, singer and songwriter from Kobe
Yūji Kuroiwa, politician from Kobe, current governor of Kanagawa Prefecture
Kamui Kobayashi, former Sauber and Toyota Racing driver from Amagasaki
Chisa Maekawa, singer of Girl Next Door
Kiyomatsu Matsubara, ichthyologist, herpetologist and marine biologist
Aya Matsuura, singer is from Himeji
Ryuto Kazuhara, vocalist of Generations from Exile Tribe is from Amagasaki
Mina Myoui – American-born Japanese singer of South Korean group Twice. Raised in Nishinomiya
Hiro Matsushita – Businessman, former driver in Champ Car series. Chairman of Swift Engineering & Swift Xi
Miyavi, musician, although born in Konohana-ku, Osaka grew up in Kawanishi
Minako Nishiyama, contemporary artist
Masamune Shirow, manga artist was born in Kobe
So Taguchi, outfielder for the Chicago Cubs
Masahiro Tanaka, pitcher for the New York Yankees
Nagaru Tanigawa, creator of the Haruhi Suzumiya series was born in Kinki
Tsuneko Taniuchi, contemporary performance artist
Fumito Ueda, video game creator of Ico, Shadow of the Colossus, and The Last Guardian
Juri Ueno, Japanese Academy Award-winning actress best known for her performances in Swing Girls and the live-action adaptation of Nodame Cantabile, is from Kakogawa
Shota Yasuda, guitarist of Kanjani Eight is from Amagasaki
Piko, musician, Vocaloid singer born in Kobe, Hyōgo
Hyogo entered a sister state relationship with Washington state in the United States on October 22, 1963, the first such arrangement between Japan and the United States.
In 1981, a sister state agreement was drawn up between Hyogo and the state of Western Australia in Australia. To commemorate the 10th anniversary of this agreement in 1992, the Hyogo Prefectural Government Cultural Centre was established in Perth.