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Green Bay, Wisconsin



{{Infobox settlement | official_name = Green Bay, Wisconsin | settlement_type = City | image_skyline = File:Gbcollage.jpg | imagesize = | image_caption = Clockwise from top: Downtown Green Bay, Resch Center, Leo Frigo Memorial Bridge, Brown County Courthouse, Lambeau Field | image_seal = City logo of Green Bay, Wisconsin.png | nicknames = "Titletown", "Bayland", "Bay City", "Packerland", and "Packer City" | image_map = File:Brown County Wisconsin Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Green Bay Highlighted.svg | map_caption = Location of Green Bay in Brown County, Wisconsin. | pushpin_map = USA | pushpin_map_caption = Location in the United States | coordinates = | coordinates_footnotes = | subdivision_type = Country | subdivision_name = United States | subdivision_type1 = State | subdivision_type2 = County | subdivision_name1 = Wisconsin | subdivision_name2 = Brown | established_date = 1854 | government_type = | leader_title = Mayor | leader_name = Eric Genrich | leader_title1 = Common Council | leader_name1 = | area_footnotes = | area_magnitude = | area_total_km2 = 144.44 | area_total_sq_mi = 55.77 | area_land_km2 = 117.80 | area_land_sq_mi = 45.48 | area_water_km2 = 26.64 | area_water_sq_mi = 10.29 | area_water_percent = | elevation_m = 177 | elevation_ft = 581 | population_total = 104057 | population_as_of = 2010 | population_footnotes = of 2010, there were 104,057 people, 42,244 households, and 24,699 families residing in the city. The population density was 2288.5 PD/sqmi. There were 45,241 housing units at an average density of 995.0 /sqmi. The racial makeup of the city was 77.9% White, 3.5% African American, 4.1% Native American, 4.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 7.2% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.4% of the population.

There were 42,244 households of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.4% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.5% were non-families. 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.06.

The median age in the city was 33.7 years. 24.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.7% were from 25 to 44; 24.5% were from 45 to 64; and 11.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.4% male and 50.6% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 102,313 people, 41,591 households, and 24,663 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,332.1 people per square mile (900.5/km). There were 43,123 housing units at an average density of 982.9 per square mile (379.5/km). The racial makeup of the city was 85.86% White, 1.38% African American, 3.28% Native American, 3.76% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.72% from other races, and 1.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.13% of the population.

There were 41,591 households of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.7% were non-families. About 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 25.4% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $38,820, and the median income for a family was $48,678. Males had a median income of $33,246 versus $23,825 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,269. About 7.4% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.7% of those under the age of 18 and 9.2% of those 65 and older.

Government

Green Bay is governed by a mayor and a city council. The mayor is elected in a citywide vote. The city council consists of 12 members each elected from districts.

Mayors



  • W. C. E. Thomas 1854
  • Francis X. Desnoyers 1855
  • H. E. Eastman 1856, 1857
  • Burley Follett 1858, 1863
  • Nathan Goodell 1859, 1864
  • E. H. Ellis 1860
  • Henry S. Baird 1861, 1862
  • M. P. Lindsley 1865
  • Charles D. Robinson 1866, 1872
  • James S. Marshall 1868
  • Anton Klaus 1868-1870
  • Alonzo Kimball 1871, 1873
  • Dr. C. E. Crane 1874-1875; 1877-1879
  • Frederick S. Ellis 1876
  • J. C. Neville 1880
  • W. J. Abrams 1881, 1883-1884
  • J. H. M. Wigman 1882
  • Charles Hartung 1885-1887
  • Arthur C. Neville 1888-1889
  • James H. Elmore 1890-1895
  • Frank B. Desnoyers 1896-1898
  • Simon J. Murphy Jr. 1899-1901
  • J. H. Tayler 1902-1903
  • Robert E. Minahan 1904−1907
  • Winford Abrams 1908−1916
  • Elmer S. Hall 1916−1920
  • Wenzel Wiesner 1921−1927
  • James H. McGillan 1927−1929
  • John V. Diener 1929−1937
  • John S. Farrell 1937−1938
  • Alex Biemeret 1938−1945
  • Dominic Olejniczak 1945−1955
  • Otto Rachals 1955−1959
  • Roman Denissen 1959−1965
  • Donald Tilleman 1965−1972
  • Harris Burgoyne 1972−1973
  • Thomas Atkinson 1973−1975
  • Michael Monfils 1975−1979
  • Samuel J. Halloin 1979−1995
  • Paul Jadin 1995−2003
  • Jim Schmitt 2003−2019
  • Eric Genrich 2019−

    Green Bay is represented by Mike Gallagher (R) in the United States House of Representatives, and by Ron Johnson (R) and Tammy Baldwin (D) in the United States Senate. André Jacque (R), Robert Cowles (R), and Dave Hansen (D) represent Green Bay in the Wisconsin State Senate, and David Steffen (R), John Macco (R), and Staush Gruszynski (D) represent Green Bay in the Wisconsin State Assembly.

    Law enforcement

    The Green Bay Police Department was established in on August 27, 1857, when the Green Bay Police Corps was established, and Henry Baird was named Chief of Police. The Green Bay Police Department provides many specialized services such as a Dive Team, Harbor Patrol, Motorcycle Patrol, and a S.W.A.T. Team.

    Since the establishment of the Green Bay Police Department, one officer has died in the line of duty.

    Infrastructure



    Transportation



    Railroads

    From 1896 to 1993 the city was the headquarters of the Green Bay and Western Railroad. In 1993, the line was purchased by the Wisconsin Central. In 2001, the WC was merged into the Canadian National Railway. The Chicago and North Western Railway also served Green Bay and its depot still stands. Green Bay was last served with a regular passenger train, the CNW's Peninsula 400, in 1971. The CNW sold its trackage from Green Bay south to Sheboygan in 1987 to the Fox River Valley Railroad, which became part of the WC in 1993. Green Bay also saw passenger service from the Milwaukee Road's Chippewa-Hiawatha, which ran from Chicago into the upper peninsula of Michigan. Green Bay is also served by the Escanaba and Lake Superior Railroad.

    Airport

    Green Bay is served by Green Bay–Austin Straubel International Airport, located in Ashwaubenon just west of the city.

    Highways

  • 25px I-43 Northbound terminates at the northwestern side of Green Bay. Southbound continues to Manitowoc and Milwaukee.
  • 25px I-41 Northbound terminates at the northwestern side of Green Bay. Southbound continues to Appleton and Milwaukee.
  • 25px US 41 travels towards Marinette, and south concurrently with I-41.
  • 25px US 141 begins east of Green Bay in Bellevue, and continues north towards Crivitz and Iron Mountain, Michigan.
  • 25px WIS 29 travels east towards Kewaunee, and west towards Shawano and Wausau.
  • 25px WIS 32 travels north towards Pulaski, and south towards Chilton and Milwaukee.
  • 25px WIS 54 travels east to Algoma, and west towards Seymour.
  • 25px WIS 57 travels north towards Sturgeon Bay, and south towards Milwaukee.
  • 25px WIS 172 begins at I-43 and travels west to Hobart.

    Local transit

    Green Bay Metro provides mass transit bus service throughout Green Bay and the surrounding suburbs.

    Jefferson Lines, Indian Trails, and Lamers Bus Lines provide intercity transportation from the central Green Bay Metro station which is downtown.

    Water

    Green Bay is served by the Port of Green Bay. The port handled 1.99 million tons of cargo in 2015. The primary shipments into and out of the port include coal, limestone, salt, and cement.

    Utilities

    Electricity



    Green Bay is served by Wisconsin Public Service Corporation, which operates the J. P. Pulliam Generating Station within the city.

    Water

    Water service is provided to the city by the Green Bay Water Utility.

    Sewer service is provided by the Green Bay Metropolitan Sewerage District, also known as NEW Water.

    Health care

    Green Bay is the headquarters of Bellin Health and Prevea Health, regional health care providers.

    Green Bay is home to four hospitals: Aurora Baycare Medical Center, Bellin Hospital, St. Mary's Hospital Medical Center, and St. Vincent Hospital.

    Green Bay is also home to the Milo C. Huempfner VA Outpatient Clinic, and Bellin Psychiatric Center and Willow Creek Behavioral Health, the city's two psychiatric hospitals.

    Education



    Green Bay is served by the Green Bay Area Public School District. It operates twenty-five elementary schools, two K-8 schools, four middle schools, four high schools, and one alternative school in the city and surrounding area. Two of the city's high schools, East High School and West High School, have Wisconsin's longest consecutively-played high school football rivalry, played since 1905. Private schools in Green Bay include Notre Dame de la Baie Academy, Northeastern Wisconsin Lutheran High School, and Bay City Baptist School.

    Higher education



    Green Bay area colleges and universities:

  • Bellin College of Nursing
  • Concordia University Wisconsin, Green Bay Center
  • College of Menominee Nation
  • Lakeland College, Green Bay Center
  • Medical College of Wisconsin – Green Bay campus
  • Northeast Wisconsin Technical College
  • Rasmussen College
  • University of Wisconsin-Green Bay

    Public libraries

    The Brown County Library (BCL) Central Branch is located in downtown Green Bay and has served as the county public library since 1968. The Central Branch is the headquarters for the BCL system, which encompasses all public libraries in Brown County, including eight branch libraries and a bookmobile that regularly visits locations throughout the county. In 1994, the Brown County Library was named Wisconsin Library of the Year.

    Religion

    In 2000, the American Religion Data Archive reported Green Bay to be predominantly Catholic (71.5%), with Lutherans composing an additional 16.4%. The remaining 12% is almost entirely made-up of other Protestant denominations.

    The Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod has four churches in Green Bay: St. Paul Lutheran Church, First Evangelical Lutheran Church, Beautiful Savior Lutheran Church, and Messiah Lutheran Church.

    Christ the King Lutheran Church is a church of the Evangelical Lutheran Synod in Green Bay.

    There are two Kingdom Halls of Jehovah's Witnesses in the city, hosting 4 English congregations and a Spanish congregation.

    The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Green Bay. The Cathedral of Saint Francis Xavier in Green Bay is the mother church of the Diocese which is in the province of the Archdiocese of Milwaukee. The Saint Joseph Oratory is in Green Bay. St. Mary of the Angels Church and Monastery is also located in the city.

    The Islamic Society of Wisconsin, Green Bay serves the Islamic community. The Green Bay Area Unitarian Universalist Fellowship is in the city. Congregation Cnesses Israel Temple, serving the area's Jewish population, is on the city's east side.

    Sports

    Other major sporting events in Green Bay include the Bellin Run and the Cellcom Green Bay Marathon.

    Arts and culture



    The Meyer Theatre and the Hotel Northland are on the National Register of Historic Places. The Northland was once the largest hotel in Wisconsin.

    Daddy D Productions perform at Riverside Ballroom and Let Me Be Frank Productions perform at the Meyer Theatre. The Civic Symphony of Green Bay performs at the Meyer Theatre, its home venue. The former Green Bay Symphony Orchestra disbanded after their 2014–2015 season, after performing for over 100 years, citing financial difficulties.

    Performance venues in Green Bay include: Lambeau Field, Resch Center, Weidner Center, the Meyer Theatre, and The Tarlton Theatre.

    The Art Garage and the Automotive Gallery are art galleries in the downtown area.

    Museums in the city include the Neville Public Museum and the Hazelwood Historic House Museum.

    Every summer, the downtown area plays host to ArtStreet, an art festival featuring studio displays, demonstrations, and live entertainment. Dine on the Deck is an event that allows patrons to dine on the CityDeck and features dishes from local restaurants. Taste on Broadway has live entertainment and dishes served by local restaurants who compete for awards. The Broadway Neighborhood association hosts a farmer's market every Wednesday from May to October.

    Media and internet

    Television stations in Green Bay are WBAY (2), (ABC); WFRV (5), (CBS); WLUK (11), (FOX); WCWF (14), (CW); WGBA (26), (NBC); WACY (32), (MNT); and WPNE (38), a PBS affiliate.Green Bay is served by the Green Bay Press-Gazette and The Press Times, a new locally-published weekly newspaper introduced on March 1, 2019. Another local newspaper, the Green Bay News-Chronicle, ceased publication in 2005.

    The free public Wi-Fi system in the downtown Green Bay Broadway District went into operation in 2007.

    Economy



    Industry

    Green Bay is known as the "Toilet Paper Capital of the World" because of the prevalence of the paper industry in the city. Northern Paper Company, Fort Howard Paper Company, and Hoberg Paper Company were among Green Bay's first paper companies. Northern Paper Company offered the first splinter-free toilet paper in the early 1930s. The presence of the paper industry helped Green Bay avoid the worst effects of the Great Depression. Today, major paper producers include Georgia-Pacific, Procter & Gamble, and Steen-Macek Paper Company.

    Among the earliest packing companies in Green Bay were Acme Packing Company and Indian Packing Company, the namesake of the Green Bay Packers. Today, major meatpackers in the city include JBS S.A. (formerly Packerland Packing) and American Foods Group.

    Largest employers

    As of 2017, the largest employers in the city were:Other major employers include Associated Banc-Corp, Green Bay Area Public School District, Shopko, JBS USA, Expert Global Solutions, Walmart, Procter & Gamble, Schreiber Foods, the Green Bay Packers, Nature's Way, HJ Martin and Son, and Nicolet National Bank.

    Points of interest



  • Bay Beach Amusement Park
  • Bay Beach Wildlife Sanctuary
  • City Stadium, former home of the Packers
  • Cofrin Memorial Arboretum
  • Fox River State Recreational Trail
  • Green Bay Botanical Garden
  • Heritage Hill State Park
  • Joannes Stadium
  • The Broadway District
  • Lambeau Field, home of the Green Bay Packers
  • Meyer Theatre
  • National Railroad Museum in the Ashwaubenon suburb
  • Neville Public Museum of Brown County
  • Northeast Wisconsin Technical College
  • NEW Zoo
  • Packers Heritage Trail
  • Resch Center, home of the Green Bay Blizzard and Green Bay Gamblers
  • Capital Credit Union Park, home of the Green Bay Booyah and Green Bay Voyageurs
  • Weidner Center

    Shopping

    Green Bay has one enclosed shopping mall, East Town Mall, located within the city. The Bay Park Square shopping mall is located in the suburb of Ashwaubenon. The city was home to the first Shopko discount department store, it closed on April 22, 2019.

    Notable people

    Gallery

    File:Hotel Northland.jpg|Hotel Northland File:South Village Historical District,Greenbay,WI.jpg|South Village Historical District File:Downtown Green Bay 2.JPG|Adams Street File:ISS047-E-125684.jpg|At night from the International Space Station File:Downtown Green Bay 4.JPG|Downtown Green Bay YMCA File:Downtown Green Bay 6.JPG|The Broadway District File:South Side residence in Greenbay,WI.jpg|Large South Side home File:Near East Side Green Bay 2.JPG|South Washington Street on the near east side of Green Bay File:Downtown office building Green Bay.JPG|The Northern Building File:Schreiber Foods Headquarters.jpg|Schreiber Foods Headquarters, downtown File:Green Bay Along Fox River Wisconsin.JPG|View of Downtown from the Fox River File:East side of Green Bay.JPG|The east side of Green Bay File:LNER Class A4 4496 Dwight D Eisenhower at NRM.jpg|British Railways LNER Class A4 No. 60008 "Dwight D. Eisenhower" on display at the National Railroad Museum File:20040723 Tall Ships Boating 08 Small Web view.jpg|Bay of Green Bay File:Thomefountain.jpg|Thome Fountain, in Green Bay Botanical Garden

    Notable buildings

    Sister cities

  • Irapuato, Guanajuato, Mexico (since 2006)