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Endorestiform nucleus

Endorestiform nucleus is a nucleus present within the inferior cerebellar peduncle of human brains. It was discovered by George Paxinos and his team at Neuroscience Research Australia (NeuRA). Paxinos had suspected the existence of the endorestiform nucleus for approximately 30 years. However, it was not until 2018 that he has been able to confirm its presence due to advances in staining and imaging techniques. The region is not present in rhesus monkeys and may be unique to humans.

Etymology

The name endorestiform is derived from the fact that the nucleus is present within (endo) the inferior cerebellar peduncle ( restiform body).

Function

Given that the endorestiform nucleus is located in the inferior cerebellar peduncle, it is thought that it might be involved in fine motor control.