Eclecticism in music
In music, eclecticism
is the conscious use of styles alien to the composer
's own nature, or from a bygone era. The term is also used pejoratively to describe music whose composer, thought to be lacking originality, appears to have freely drawn on other models . This word can also be used to describe the music of composers who combine multiple styles, such as using a whole-tone variant of a pentatonic folksong over chromatic counterpoint, or a tertian arpeggiating melody over quartal or secundal harmonies. Eclecticism can also be through quotations, whether of a style (e.g., [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HjpZtBNzVKQ Shostakovich: Symphony No. 9]),} direct quotations of folksongs/variations of them (e.g., Mahler: Symphony No. 1; [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iBKd78WUa74 II] and [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RQCHgnpCGf4 III]) or direct quotations of other composers (e.g., Berio: [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9YU-V2C4ryU Sinfonia; III]) .