List of audio programming languages

This is a list of notable programming languages optimized for sound production, algorithmic composition, and sound synthesis.

  • ABC notation, a language for notating music using the ASCII character set
  • ChucK, strongly timed, concurrent, and on-the-fly audio programming language
  • Real-time Cmix, a MUSIC-N synthesis language somewhat similar to Csound
  • Common Lisp Music (CLM), a music synthesis and signal processing package in the Music V family
  • Csound, a MUSIC-N synthesis language released under the LGPL with many available unit generators
  • Extempore, a live-coding environment which borrows a core foundation from the Impromptu environment
  • FAUST, Functional Audio Stream, a functional compiled language for efficient real-time audio signal processing
  • Hierarchical Music Specification Language (HMSL), optimized more for music than synthesis, developed in the 1980s in Forth
  • Impromptu, a Scheme language environment for Mac OS X capable of sound and video synthesis, algorithmic composition, and 2D and 3D graphics programming
  • JFugue, a Java and JVM library for programming music that outputs to MIDI and has the ability to convert to formats including ABC Notation, Lilypond, and MusicXML
  • jMusic
  • JSyn
  • Kyma (sound design language)
  • Max/MSP, a proprietary, modular visual programming language aimed at sound synthesis for music
  • Music Macro Language (MML), often used to produce chiptune music in Japan
  • MUSIC-N, includes versions I, II, III, IV, IV-B, IV-BF, V, 11, and 360
  • Nyquist
  • OpenMusic
  • Pure Data, a modular visual programming language for signal processing aimed at music creation
  • Reaktor
  • Sonic Pi
  • Structured Audio Orchestra Language (SAOL), part of the MPEG-4 Structured Audio standard
  • SuperCollider
  • SynthEdit,a modular visual programming language for signal processing aimed at creating Audio_plug-ins