, (also known as Albert Le Comte d’Orville
) (12 August 1621 in Brussels
– 8 April 1662 in Agra
) was a Belgian Jesuit
in China and cartographer.
The young Albert, son of noblemen spent much of his youth at the court of the duke of Neuburg. He joined the Society of Jesus
in 1646, and while studying theology
at the Catholic University of Leuven
he attended the 'Chinese lectures' given by Martino Martini
an Italian Jesuit missionary, then visiting the University of Leuven
. This evoked in him a strong desire to volunteer for the China mission
. Permission was granted by his Provincial and soon after being ordained priest
(in 1654) Dorville rejoined Martino Martini in Rome
before accompanying him on his return journey to China.
in April 1657, Martini, Dorville and 17 other Jesuits (among whom Ferdinand Verbiest
) arrived in Macau
on 17 July 1658, after a long and arduous journey during which several lost their life. As was the practice for all newly arrived men Dorville spent some time in Macau to learn the Chinese language
. He was then sent as missionary in the province of Shanxi.
Exploratory overland journey
Soon he was called to Peking
and appointed to accompany Johann Grueber
on a journey back to Europe. Grueber was sent to Rome in order to defend Jesuit astronomer Adam Schall
against the accusation of 'fostering superstitious practices' (motivated by his working on the Chinese calendar
). As traveling over the seas was increasingly difficult and unsafe - the Portuguese were losing their trade monopoly at the hands of the Dutch - they decided to attempt an exploratory overland journey that, if successful could bring China closer to Europe too. The first stretch would lead them to Goa
. Leaving Peking on 13 April 1661 Grueber and Dorville entered Tibet
13 July and spent two months (October and November) in its capital Lhasa
. All along the way Dorville did some geographical
investigations, determining exactly the longitude
of the places they were passing through. The travelers crossed the Himalayas
, entered Nepal
and stayed a month in Kathmandu
(January 1662). From there they descended into the basin of the Ganges
river, entered India
(8 February) and visited Patna
, and Benares
before arriving finally in Agra
(31 March), the former capital of the Mughal empire
. Dorville was however seriously sick and exhausted by the harrowing journey: he died 8 April 1662, a week after reaching Agra.
For the rest of the journey back from Goa to Europe, Grueber was accompanied by Heinrich Roth
, a Jesuit Sanskrit
scholar. On arrival in Rome in 1664 Grueber gave an account of their odyssey. Numerous and interesting observations - geographical, cultural, socio-religious - were made on the countries traveled across and people encountered. With regard to finding a shorter route to China the exploratory journey was a failure: travelers continued, and for many years, to go by ship form Goa to Macau and China... The overland journey was too long, hazardous and thoroughly exhausting...
WESSELS, C.: Early Jesuit travellers in Central Asia (1603–1721), The Hague, 1924, pp. 164–202.
BRAUMANN, F. (ed): Johannes Grueber. Als Kundschafter des Papstes nach China (1656–1664), Stuttgart, 1985.Category:1621 births
Category:Explorers of Asia
Category:Jesuit missionaries in China
Category:Roman Catholic missionaries in Tibet
Category:University of Leuven alumni
Category:Belgian Roman Catholic missionaries
Category:Belgian expatriates in China