Administrative divisions of Somalia
Somalia is officially divided into eighteen (18) administrative regions (gobollo, singular gobol), which in turn are subdivided into ninety (90) districts (plural degmooyin; singular degmo).
On a de facto basis, northern Somalia is now divided up among the autonomous regions of Puntland (which considers itself an autonomous state) and Somaliland (a self-declared but unrecognized sovereign state). In between Puntland and Somaliland, there also exists the state of Khatumo, which claims to be an autonomous state of Somalia but is unrecognized by the federal government, Puntland, and Somaliland. In central Somalia, Galmudug is another regional entity that emerged south of Puntland. For these civil war divisions, see States and regions of Somalia.
Regions and districts
Pre-independenceIn 1931, Italian Somaliland consisted of seven commissariats.
Following the 1935–36 Second Italo-Abyssinian War, Italian Somaliland became part of Italian East Africa with Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and Eritrea. Italian Somaliland was one of six governorates of the new colony, the Somalia Governorate, and incorporated Somali-inhabited parts of the former Abyssinia. The governorate was subdivided into 10 commissariats, which were themselves divided into residencies.
Following World War II, the Italian-administered Trust Territory of Somalia consisted of six Regions.
The British Somaliland protectorate also consisted of two Regions.