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Adh-Dhariyat

Sūrat adh-Dhāriyāt ( سورة الذاريات , "The Winnowing Winds") is the 51st surah of the Quran with 60 ayat. It mentions Abraham, Noah, the day of judgment and otherwise reiterates the essential Quranic message.

Structure

According to [https://books.google.com/books?id=4GZK6Qm5u8cC&pg=PA204 Neuwirth’s literary analysis], as related through Ernst, sura 51, like many early Meccan suras, consists of a tripartite structure: I, 1– 23; II, 24– 46; III, 47– 60. These three sections are corroborated in a 2016 translation, The Clear Quran, which breaks the entire Quran into smaller thematic sections, can be further broken down as follows: # Rider oaths (9 verses) and end-times with double portraits (14 verses), including four thematic sections in the Clear Quran entitled, "Judgement is inevitable," "Warning to the Deniers," "Good News for the Devout," and "God's Signs in creation."

Exegesis

Verses 51:1 - 51:9

(1-9) By the winnowing winds, the burden-bearers, the ones that run with ease, etc.

Verses 51:10 - 51:23

(10-23) They Ask: When will the Day of Judgment be? A Day when they are tried . . .
Truly, the ones who are Godfearing will be in the Garden and springs, . . .
On the earth are signs, for the ones that are certain and in yourselves. . . .

# The discourse of guests of Abraham (14 verses) and four other prophets (9 verses), including six thematic sections in the Clear Quran titled according to the prophet mentioned in the corresponding verses.

Verses 51:24 - 51:37

(24-37) Truly, approached you the discourse of the guests of Abraham . . .
They said: Be not in awe. They gave him good tidings of a knowing boy. . . .
They said: That we were sent to a folk, ones who sin, to send on them rocks . . .

Verses 51:38 - 51:46

(38-46) And in Moses, then, We sent him to Pharaoh with a clear authority. . . .
And in Ad, when We sent against them the withering wind. It forsakes not . . .
And in Thamud, when it was said to them: Take joy for a while. Yet they defied . . .
And the folk of Noah from before. Truly, they had been a folk, ones who disobey.

# God’s creation (7 verses) and a warning (7 verses), including five thematic sections in the Clear Quran such as "God's Power of Creation," and "Warning to the Deniers."

Verses 51:47 - 51:53

(47-53) And We built the heaven with potency. —

Verses 51:54 - 51:60

(54-60) So turn you away from them that you be not one who is reproached. —