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2004 United States presidential election in Virginia

The 2004 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 2, 2004, and was part of the 2004 United States presidential election. Voters chose 13 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Virginia was won by incumbent President George W. Bush by an 8.2% margin of victory. Prior to the election, all 12 news organizations considered this a state Bush would win, or otherwise considered as a safe red state. The state had voted for the Republican candidate in all presidential elections since 1952 except during 1964's Democratic landslide. This pattern continued in 2004, although it would be broken four years later by the Democratic victory in 2008.

, the 2004 election is the last time that Virginia has voted Republican. Barack Obama would go on to win the state in both 2008 and 2012, and Hillary Clinton was victorious in the state against Donald Trump in 2016. This is also the last time that Virginia voted for the same candidate as neighboring West Virginia. , This was the last time Buchanan County and Dickenson County would vote Democratic for president. This was also the last time Loudoun County, Prince William County, Henrico County, and the independent Cities of Winchester, Radford, Staunton, Harrisonburg, Manassas, Suffolk, Hopewell, and Manassas Park would vote Republican for president.

Primaries

  • Virginia Democratic primary, 2004

    Campaign



    Predictions



    There were 12 news organizations who made state-by-state predictions of the election. Here are their last predictions before election day.

    #D.C. Political Report: Solid Republican #Associated Press: Leans Bush #CNN: Bush #Cook Political Report: Lean Republican #Newsweek: Lean Bush #New York Times: Lean Bush #Rasmussen Reports: Bush #Research 2000: Solid Bush #Washington Post: Bush #Washington Times: Solid Bush #Zogby International: Bush #Washington Dispatch: Bush

    Polling

    Bush won every single pre-election poll. The final 3 poll average showed Bush leading 50% to 46%.

    Fundraising

    Bush raised $8,594,386. Kerry raised $6,125,128.

    Advertising and visits

    Neither campaign advertised or visited this state during the fall election.

    Analysis

    In the last century Virginia has shifted from a largely rural, politically Southern and conservative state to a more urbanized, pluralistic, and politically moderate environment. Up until the 1970s, Virginia was a racially divided one-party state dominated by the Byrd Organization. African Americans were effectively disfranchised until after passage of civil rights legislation in the mid-1960s. Enfranchisement and immigration of other groups, especially Hispanics, have placed growing importance on minority voting. Regional differences play a large part in Virginia politics. Rural southern and western areas moved to support the Republican Party in response to its "southern strategy", while urban and growing suburban areas, including Northern Virginia, form the Democratic Party base. Democratic support also persists in union-influenced parts of Southwest Virginia, college towns such as Charlottesville and Blacksburg, and the southeastern region.

    Results

    Results breakdown



    By county

    These results combine counties and independent cities in Virginia.

    By congressional district

    Bush won 9 of 11 congressional districts.

    Electors

    Technically the voters of Virginia cast their ballots for electors: representatives to the Electoral College. Virginia is allocated 13 electors because it has 11 congressional districts and 2 senators. All candidates who appear on the ballot or qualify to receive write-in votes must submit a list of 13 electors, who pledge to vote for their candidate and his or her running mate. Whoever wins the majority of votes in the state is awarded all 13 electoral votes. Their chosen electors then vote for president and vice president. Although electors are pledged to their candidate and running mate, they are not obligated to vote for them. An elector who votes for someone other than his or her candidate is known as a faithless elector.

    The electors of each state and the District of Columbia met on December 13, 2004, to cast their votes for president and vice president. The Electoral College itself never meets as one body. Instead the electors from each state and the District of Columbia met in their respective capitols.

    The following were the members of the Electoral College from the state. All 13 were pledged for Bush/Cheney: #Yvonne McGee McCoy #Loretta H. Tate #Theodore C. Brown #Woodrow Harris #Keith C. Drake #Wendell S. Walker #Peter E. Broadbent #Sean Michael Spicer #Lloyd C. Martin #Dorothy L. Simpson #Carlton John Davis #Charles E. Dane #Rebecca Anne Stoeckel