1833 in the United Kingdom

Events from the year 1833 in the United Kingdom.


  • MonarchWilliam IV
  • Prime MinisterCharles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey (Whig)
  • Parliament11th (starting 29 January)


  • 3 January – reassertion of British sovereignty over the Falkland Islands by British forces in the South Atlantic.
  • 25 May – Royal Horticultural Society holds the first flower show in Britain.
  • 5 June – Ada Lovelace is introduced to Charles Babbage by Mary Somerville.
  • 14 July – John Keble preaches a sermon on "National Apostasy", launching the Oxford Movement within the Church of England.
  • 28 August – the Slavery Abolition Act receives Royal Assent, abolishing slavery in most of the British Empire. A £20 million fund is established to compensate slaveowners.
  • 29 August – the Factory Act makes it illegal to employ children less than 9 years old in factories and limits child workers of 9 to 13 years of age to a maximum of 9 hours a day.
  • December – Edwin Chadwick introduces the Ten Hours Bill in Parliament.


  • Bank Notes Act gives Bank of England notes over £5 in value the status of "legal tender" in England and Wales.
  • Quakers and Moravians Act allows Quakers and Moravians to substitute an affirmation for a legal oath in accordance with their religious beliefs.
  • The Preston Temperance Society is founded by Joseph Livesey, pioneering the temperance movement and teetotalism.
  • Laying out of Moor Park, Preston, by the local authority as a (partly) public park begins.


  • First of the Bridgewater Treatises, examining science in relation to God.
  • Serialisation of Thomas Carlyle's Sartor Resartus in Fraser's Magazine.
  • Charles Dickens' first published work of fiction, "A Dinner at Poplar Walk", first of what will become Sketches by Boz, appears unsigned in the Monthly Magazine (London, 1 December).
  • Edward Bulwer's novel Godolphin.
  • Mrs Favell Lee Mortimer's instructional text The Peep of Day, or, A series of the earliest religious instruction the infant mind is capable of receiving.
  • Alfred Tennyson's collection Poems including "The Lady of Shalott".
  • Publication of The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge edited by George Long begins.
  • William Sandys' collection Christmas Carols Ancient and Modern.


  • 23 January – Sir Lewis Morris, Anglo-Welsh poet (died 1907)
  • 28 January – Charles George Gordon, British army officer and administrator (died 1885)
  • 27 July – Thomas George Bonney, geologist (d. 1923)
  • 12 August – Aylmer Spicer Cameron, VC recipient (d. 1909)
  • 26 August – Henry Fawcett, statesman, economist and Postmaster General (d. 1884)
  • 28 August – Sir Edward Burne-Jones, Anglo-Welsh artist (d. 1898)
  • 11 December Francis Anstie, physician and medical researcher (d. 1874)
  • date unknownJames James, harpist and composer of the Welsh national anthem (d. 1902)


  • 9 January – Sir Thomas Foley, admiral (b. 1757)
  • 23 January – Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth, admiral (b. 1757)
  • 16 April – Henry Herbert, 2nd Earl of Carnarvon (b. 1772)
  • 22 April – Richard Trevithick, Cornish-born inventor, mechanical engineer and builder of the first working railway steam locomotive (b. 1771)
  • 15 May
  • Bewick Bridge, mathematician (b. 1767)
  • Edmund Kean, actor (b. 1787)
  • 2 June – Simon Byrne, prizefighter (b. 1806)
  • 10 July – George Agar-Ellis, 1st Baron Dover, man of letters (b. 1797)
  • 29 July – William Wilberforce, abolitionist (b. 1759)
  • 11 November – James Grant, navigator (b. 1772)
  • 3 December – Adam Buck, Irish-born neo-classical portraitist and miniature painter (b. 1759)