wikiamp

1833 in science



The year 1833 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

Astronomy

  • November 12–13 – A spectacular occurrence of the Leonid meteor shower is observed over Alabama.

    Biology

  • May 3 – The Entomological Society of London is inaugurated.
  • Katherine Sophia Kane's The Irish Flora is published anonymously.

    Chemistry

  • Thomas Graham proposes Graham's Law.

    Computer science

  • June 5 – Ada Lovelace is introduced to Charles Babbage by Mary Somerville.

    Geophysics

  • November 25 – A major 8.7 earthquake strikes Sumatra.

    Mathematics

  • probable date – Paul Gerwien proves the Bolyai–Gerwien theorem formulated by Farkas Bolyai: that any two simple polygons of equal area are equidecomposable.

    Paleontology

  • Henry Witham publishes The Internal Structure of Fossil Vegetables found in the Carboniferous and Oolitic deposits of Great Britain in Edinburgh.

    Physics

  • Carl Friedrich Gauss and Wilhelm Eduard Weber develop an electromagnetic telegraph at Göttingen.

    Physiology and medicine

  • William Beaumont publishes Experiments and Observations on the Gastric Juice and the Physiology of Digestion.
  • Charles Bell publishes The Hand: its Mechanism and Vital Endowments as Evincing Design, the fourth Bridgewater Treatise.
  • Marshall Hall coins the term "reflex" for a muscular reaction.
  • Jean Lobstein proposes use of the term arteriosclerosis.
  • Johannes Peter Müller begins publication of his major physiology textbook Handbuch der Physiologie des Menschen.
  • Anselme Payen discovers diastase (the first enzyme identified).

    Technology

  • August 18 – The Canadian ship SS Royal William sets out from Pictou, Nova Scotia on a 25-day passage of the Atlantic Ocean largely under steam to Gravesend, Kent, England.
  • Obed Hussey patents a reaper in the United States.
  • Cornish engineer Adrian Stephens invents the steam whistle as a warning device at Dowlais Ironworks in Wales.
  • Publication by Charles Knight of The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge begins in London.

    Awards

  • Copley Medal: Not awarded

    Births

  • January 19 – Alfred Clebsch (died 1872), German mathematician.
  • February 26 – Georges Pouchet (died 1894), French comparative anatomist.
  • March 14 – Lucy Hobbs Taylor (died 1910), American dentist.
  • March 23 – Carl Friedrich Otto Westphal (died 1890), German psychiatrist.
  • March 25 – Fleeming Jenkin (died 1885), English electrical engineer.
  • May 5 – Ferdinand von Richthofen (died 1905), German geographer.
  • June 29 – Peter Waage (died 1900), Norwegian chemist.
  • October 9 – Eugen Langen (died 1895), German mechanical engineer.
  • October 17 – Paul Bert (died 1886), French physiologist.
  • October 21 – Alfred Nobel (died 1896), Swedish inventor.
  • December 2 – Friedrich Daniel von Recklinghausen (died 1910), German pathologist.

    Deaths

  • January 10 – Adrien-Marie Legendre (born 1752), mathematician.
  • February 6
  • Fausto Elhuyar (born 1755), chemist
  • Pierre André Latreille (born 1762), zoologist.
  • February 14 – Gottlieb Kirchhoff (born 1764), chemist.
  • April 22 – Richard Trevithick (born 1771), engineer and inventor.
  • May 15 – Bewick Bridge (born 1767), mathematician.
  • July 5 – Nicéphore Niépce (born 1765), inventor.
  • October 31 – Johann Friedrich Meckel (born 1781), anatomist.