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11th century in architecture

See also: 10th century in architecture, 12th century in architecture and the architecture timeline.

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Buildings and structures

Buildings

  • 1001
  • The Cathedral of Ani is built in Armenia.
  • St. Michael's Church, Hildesheim begun.
  • 1002 – Brihadishwara Temple of Thanjavur, India (Chola Empire) begun.
  • 1008 – Rebuilt Torcello Cathedral in the Veneto consecrated.
  • 1009 – Saint-Martin-du-Canigou in Catalonia consecrated.
  • By c. 1010 – Church of the Saviour at Berestove built.
  • 1011 – San Vittore alle Chiuse in Genga, Papal States built.
  • c. 1012 – Katholikon of Hosios Loukas built in Byzantine Greece.
  • 1013
  • Al-Hakim Mosque in Cairo, Fatimid Empire built (begun in 990).
  • San Miniato al Monte begun in Florence, Italy (work went on until the 13th century).
  • 1016 – San Michele in Borgo in Pisa, Tuscany built.
  • c. 1017 – Hōjōji (法成寺) built in Heian-kyō, Japan.
  • 1021 – Church of the Quedlinburg Abbey, Holy Roman Empire built (begun c. 997).
  • 1022 – Monastery of Sant Pere de Rodes, Catalonia consecrated.
  • c. 1023 – Romanesque church at Mont-Saint-Michel founded.
  • c. 1025 – City of Gangaikonda Cholapuram founded as a capital of the Chola Empire.
  • 1026 – Pomposa Abbey near Ferrara, Italy completed (except the campanile finished in 1063).
  • 1029 – Construction of Sant Vicenç de Cardonia, Catalonia begun.
  • 1030 – Speyer Cathedral, Germany, initiated by Emperor Konrad II.
  • 1032 – Santa Maria de Ripoll, Catalonia is consecrated.
  • 1033 – St. Michael's Church, Hildesheim, Holy Roman Empire, completed and consecrated.
  • 1036 – Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem restored and renovated by the Fatimid caliph after an earthquake in 1033.
  • 1037
  • Chartres Cathedral in France consecrated for the fifth time (subsequently rebuilt).
  • St Sophia Cathedral in Kiev founded.
  • 1040
  • Sant Vicenç de Cardona, Catalonia is completed.
  • Construction of Notre-Dame-de-Jumièges in Normandy begins.
  • Construction of the third Würzburg Cathedral in the Holy Roman Empire begins.
  • 1045 – Lingxiao Pagoda (凌霄塔) in Zhengding, China is completed.
  • 1047 – Reconstruction of St Mark's Basilica in Venice begins.
  • 1049
  • Saint Rémi of Reims Basilica in France is consecrated
  • Iron Pagoda (鐵塔) of Bianjing, China is completed.
  • Abbey Church of Ottmarsheim, Alsace is consecrated.
  • c. 1050
  • West Mebon built in Angkor.
  • Rajarani Temple built in Bhubaneswar, Odisha.
  • Construction of Église Notre-Dame de l'Assomption, Rouffach, begins.
  • 1050
  • Abbaye Notre-Dame de Bernay in Normandy completed.
  • Construction of Basilica of Sant'Abbondio in Como, Lombardy begins.
  • 1053
  • Varadharaja Perumal Temple of Kanchipuram in India (Chola Empire) built.
  • Phoenix Hall of the Byōdō-in in Heian-kyō, Japan built.
  • 1055 – Liaodi Pagoda (料敵塔), Hebei, China is completed
  • 1056 – Sakyamuni Pagoda of Fogong Temple (佛宫寺释迦塔), Shanxi, China is completed
  • 1057
  • Church of Monastery of San Salvador of Leyre, Navarra consecrated.
  • Near Caves (Pechersk Lavra) founded.
  • 1059 – Abbaye aux Dames, Caen founded.
  • c. 1060
  • Construction of the Baphuon in Yasodharapura, Khmer Empire.
  • Lawkananda Pagoda built in Bagan, Pagan Kingdom.
  • 1061 – Speyer Cathedral, Germany, completed.
  • 1062 – Construction of Abbaye aux Dames, Caen, Normandy begun.
  • 1063
  • Rebuilding of Doge's Palace, Venice begun.
  • Basilica of San Isidoro, León, Spain, Spain consecrated.
  • c. 1063 – Abbaye-aux-Hommes, Caen, Normandy founded.
  • 1064
  • Abbey of Lessay, Normandy begun.
  • Duomo of Santa Maria Assunta in Pisa, Tuscany begun.
  • 1065 – Sankt Maria im Kapitol, Cologne consecrated.
  • 1067
  • Abbey of Jumièges, Normandy consecrated.
  • First of the Kharraqan towers built in Qazvin, Seljukid Iran.
  • Sankt Gereon, Cologne begun.
  • 1068 – Warwick Castle established as a motte-and-bailey fortification by William I of England.
  • 1070 – Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim, Norway, begun.
  • 1075 – Würzburg Cathedral reconstruction completed (begun in 1045).
  • 1075 – Pilgrimage Church of St James, Santiago de Compostela begun.
  • 1076 – Abbey of Gellone, Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert in the Languedoc completed.
  • 1077
  • Abbaye-aux-Hommes, Caen, France consecrated.
  • Current Bayeux Cathedral, France consecrated.
  • 1078 – White Tower (Tower of London) in England begun.
  • c. 1078 – Duomo of Santa Maria Assunta in Pisa, Tuscany, completed.
  • 1080 – Rebuilding of St. Sernin's Basilica, Toulouse begun.
  • 1081
  • Current building of the Chora Church built in Constantinople (begun in 1077).
  • Old Mainz Cathedral destroyed by a fire, marking the beginning of the construction of the current building.
  • Aljafería Palace built in Zaragoza, Spain (begun in 1065).
  • 1082 – Great Mosque of Tlemcen built in the Almoravid Empire.
  • 1083 – Present Ely Cathedral in the east of England begun.
  • By 1087 – Construction of the Church of Christ Pantepoptes in Constantinople begun.
  • 1087
  • White Tower (Tower of London) (begun in 1078) probably largely completed.
  • San Nicola di Bari begun.
  • 1088
  • Rebuilding of great church at Cluny Abbey in France ("Cluny III") begun.
  • Eynsford Castle built in England.
  • 1089 – Romanesque stage of St Albans Cathedral in England completed.
  • c. 1090 – Abbey Church of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe in Poitou completed (begun c. 1040).
  • 1091
  • Cairo Fatimid city wall built (begun in 1087).
  • Ananda Temple built in Bagan, Pagan Kingdom capital.
  • 1093
  • Second of the Kharraqan towers mausoleums built in Qazvin, Seljukid Iran.
  • Maria Laach Abbey in the Rhineland begun.
  • Durham Cathedral founded in the north of England.
  • 1094
  • 40-foot-tall water-powered astronomical clocktower in Song dynasty's capital Bianjing designed by Su Song completed.
  • San Juan de la Peña Monastery in Aragon consecrated.
  • St Mark's Basilica in Venice consecrated.
  • c. 1094 – Battle Abbey in England consecrated.
  • 1095 – Sant'Abbondio, Como consecrated.
  • 1096
  • St. Sernin's Basilica, Toulouse consecrated.
  • Norwich Cathedral begun in eastern England.
  • 1097
  • Construction of the original stage of the Flower Pagoda in the Temple of the Six Banyan Trees in Guangzhou, Song dynasty.
  • Djamaa el Kebir mosque of Algiers built in Almoravid Algeria.
  • 1098 – Trani Cathedral begun.
  • 1099 – Modena Cathedral begun.
  • By c. 1099 – Lingaraja Temple Bhubaneswar, Odisha, largely completed.

    Image:The Cathedral of Ani.jpg|Cathedral of Ani (1001) Image:Thanjavur temple.jpg|Brihadishwara Temple, Thanjavur (1002) Image:Saint Martin du Canigou 01.jpg|Saint-Martin-du-Canigou (1009) Image:Abaziasanvittorefrasassi.jpg|San Vittore alle Chiuse, Genga (1011) Image:HosiosLukas.jpg|Katholikon, Hosios Loukas (1012) Image:Mosquee al-akim le caire 1.jpg|Al-Hakim Mosque, Cairo (1013) Image:SanMiniatoalMontenew.jpg|San Miniato al Monte, Florence (1013) Image:San Michele in Borgo, Pisa.jpg|San Michele in Borgo, Pisa (1016) Image:Quedlinburg Stiftskirche.JPG|Quedlinburg Abbey (1021) Image:Monasterio Sant Pere de Rodes.JPG|Monastery of Sant Pere de Rodes (1022) Image:Gangaikonda CholaPuram.JPG|Temple in Gangaikonda Cholapuram (1025) Image:Pomposa z01.jpg|Pomposa Abbey (1026) Image:Ripoll monestir.jpg|Santa Maria de Ripoll (1032) Image:St Michaels Church Hildesheim.jpg|St. Michael's Church, Hildesheim (1033) Image:Lingxiaopagodazhengding.jpg|The Lingxiao Pagoda of Zhengding (1045) Image:Reims Basilique St Remi 01.JPG| Saint Rémi of Reims Basilica (1049) Image:Iron Pagoda d.JPG|The Iron Pagoda of Kaifeng (1049) Image:Ottmarsheim aussen.JPG|Ottmarsheim Abbey Church (1049) Image:Westmeboneastwall.jpg|West Mebon, Angkor (c. 1050)

    Image:Japan Uji ByodoIn phoenix hall DSC00409.jpg|Phoenix Hall of the Byōdō-in, Kyōto (1053) File:Dingzhou Liaodi Pagoda 4.jpg|The Liaodi Pagoda of Kaiyuan Temple in Dingzhou (1055) Image:The Fugong Temple Wooden Pagoda.jpg|Pagoda of Fogong Temple (1056) Image:Leire.jpg|Monastery of San Salvador Church, Leyre (1057) Image:Baphuon.jpg|Baphuon of Yasodharapura (c. 1060) Image:Speyer Dom Laengsseite.jpg|Speyer Cathedral (1061) Image:20060626-León San Isidoro.jpg|Basilica of San Isidoro, León (1063) Image:Lessay abbaye ext2.JPG|Abbey of Lessay Image:Köln st maria im kapitol dreikonchenanlage 251204.jpg|Sankt Maria im Kapitol, Cologne (1065) Image:Jumièges.jpg|Abbey of Jumièges (1067) Image:Dom Wuerzburg.jpg|Würzburg Cathedral (1075) Image:Chevet abbHommes.JPG|Abbaye-aux-Hommes (1077) Image:Chora Church Constantinople 2007 panorama 002.jpg|Chora Church (1081) Image:Mainzer Dom Ostfassade.jpg|Romanesque Mainz Cathedral (begun 1081) Image:Aljafería2.JPG|Aljaferia Palace of Zaragoza (1081) Image:Grande mosquee Tlemcen (angle).jpg|Great Mosque of Tlemcen (1082) Image:EskiImaretCamii20070531 01.jpg|Church of Christ Pantepoptes (begun before 1087) Image:Tower of London, Traitors Gate.jpg|White Tower of London (1087) Image:St-albans-cath.jpg|St Albans Cathedral (1089) Image:Saint-Savin nef.jpg|Abbey Church of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe (1090) Image:Ananda Temple Bagan.jpg|Ananda Temple, Bagan (1091) Image:Kharaghan.jpg|Kharaghan Towers (mausoleums) of Qazvin (1093) Image:Clock Tower from Su Song's Book desmear.JPG|Su Song's astronomical clocktower in Bianjing (1094) File:Toulouse, Basilique Saint-Sernin 2.jpg|Chevet of St. Sernin's Basilica, Toulouse (1095) File:Absidi di sant'abbondio a como, fine xi secolo.jpg|Basilica of Sant'Abbondio (1095) Image:Guangzhou LiurongSi Huata 1.jpg|Flower Pagoda in the Temple of the Six Banyan Trees, Guangzhou (1097)


    Births

  • c. 1081 - Abbot Suger (died 1151), French abbot-statesman and patron of Gothic architecture.

    Deaths

  • 1020 - Trdat the Architect (born c. 940s), Armenian