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1114



Year 1114 (MCXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events



By place



Europe

  • January 7 – Emperor Henry V marries Matilda (or Maude), 11-year-old daughter of King Henry I of England, at Worms (modern Germany). A political conflict breaks out across the Holy Roman Empire after the marriage, triggered when Henry arrests Chancellor Adalbert and various other German princes.
  • Count Ramon Berenguer III (the Great) of Barcelona, joins the expedition to the Balearic Islands. A Pisan and Catalan fleet (some 450 ships), supported by a large army, conquer Ibiza and Mallorca. They destroy the bases on the islands used by Moorish pirates to prey on Mediterranean shipping.
  • Battle of Martorell: The Almoravid governor of Zaragoza, Muhàmmad ibn al-Hajj, launches an offensive against the County of Barcelona, but is defeated by Ramon Berenguer III.
  • As part of the Norman expansion southward, Count Routrou II of Perche enters the service of King Alfonso I (the Battler) of Aragon.

    Asia

  • Emperor Hui Zong of the Song Dynasty sends a gift of Chinese musical instruments, for use in royal banquets to the Korean court of Goryeo, by request from King Yejong.

    By topic



    Earthquake

  • November – A large earthquake damages the areas of the Crusaders in the Middle East. From Antioch and Mamistra to Marash and Edessa are hit by the shocks.

    Religion

  • The cathedral of Chichester in England, constructed of wood, is destroyed by fire.
  • Pontigny Abbey, a Cistercian monastery, is founded (located in Burgundy).

    Births

  • Al-Suhayli, Moorish scholar and writer (d. 1185)
  • Bhāskara II, Indian mathematician (d. 1185)
  • Dirk VI (or Theodoric), count of Holland (d. 1157)
  • Fujiwara no Shunzei, Japanese nobleman (d. 1204)
  • Gebhard III, German nobleman (approximate date)
  • Gerard of Cremona, Italian translator (d. 1187)
  • Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Northumbria (d. 1152)
  • Otto I, German bishop and chronicler (d. 1158)
  • Ramon Berenguer IV, count of Barcelona (d. 1162)

    Deaths

  • February 24Thomas II, archbishop of York
  • Abu al-Mu'in al-Nasafi, Arab theologian (or 1115)
  • Álvar Fáñez (or Háñez), Castilian nobleman
  • Alypius of the Caves, Kievan monk and painter
  • Erard I, French nobleman and crusader (b. 1060)
  • Nestor the Chronicler, Kievan historian (or 1113)
  • Richard of Salerno, Norman nobleman (b. 1060)
  • Shahriyar IV, king of Mazandaran (b. 1039)
  • Tokushi, Japanese empress consort (b. 1060)