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1026

Year 1026 (MXXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events

By place

Europe

  • Spring – King Conrad II, "the Elder", assembles an army of thousands of armored knights for an expedition into Italy. He besieges Pavia and marches to Milan, where he is crowned with the Iron Crown by Archbishop Aribert as king of the Lombards. Duke William V ("the Great") of Aquitaine, who is already en route for Italy, decides to renounce his claim to the Lombard throne and turns back.
  • April – Conrad II punishes (with the help of Milanese troops) the citizens of Pavia with starvation, for burning down the Royal Palace. He appoints Aribert as his viceroy ("imperial vicar") in Italy and charges him to ensure that the order is complied with.
  • Summer – Conrad II leaves the bulk of his army at the siege of Pavia and marches to Ravenna. The Ravennan militias close the town gates and assault the imperial train. Conrad rallies his troops and takes Ravenna, taking bloody revenge.
  • Conrad II proceeds to Pesaro, but a malarian outbreak forces him to withdraw back up north to the Po Valley. He subdues the March of Turin, where Count Ulric Manfred II opposes the election of Conrad.
  • Autumn – Pavia falls to the imperial forces. Only the intervention of Odilo of Cluny persuades Conrad to have mercy on the city and the defeated rebels.
  • Battle of Helgeå (off the coast of Sweden): Naval forces of King Cnut the Great's North Sea Empire defeat the combined Swedish and Norwegian royal fleets.
  • 9-year-old Henry "the Black" is made duke of Bavaria by his father, Conrad II, after the death of his predecessor Henry V.
  • Pietro Barbolano becomes 28th doge of Venice.

    Asia

  • A Zubu revolt against the Liao dynasty is suppressed, with the Zubu forced to pay an annual tribute of horses, camels and furs.

    Births

  • Lidanus, Lombard Benedictine abbot (d. 1118)
  • Tostig Godwinson, earl of Northumbria (approximate date)
  • Pope Victor III, born Dauferio, Lombard churchman (approximate date)
  • William Firmatus, Norman hermit and pilgrim (d. 1103)

    Deaths

  • June 10Hugh II, French viscount and archbishop
  • August 28Richard II, "the Good", duke of Normandy
  • August 30Bononio, Lombard hermit and abbot
  • September 21Otto-William, count of Burgundy
  • November 27Adalbold II, bishop of Utrecht
  • Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou, French queen and regent
  • Frederick II, duke of Upper Lorraine (Lotharingia)
  • Henry V, duke of Bavaria (House of Luxembourg)
  • Hugh IV, lord of Lusignan (approximate date)
  • Leo of Vercelli, German archdeacon and bishop